Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: Algae
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Algae

 
     
 
Content
Algae
Definition
Classification
Occurrence and Distribution
Structure of Thallus
  Unicells and Unicell Colonial Algae
  Filamentous Algae
  Siphonous Algae
  Parenchymatous and Pseudoparenchymatous Algae
Nutrition
 


Content
Reproduction
  Vegetative and Asexual Reproduction
    - Binary Fission or Cellular Bisection
    - Zoospore, Aplanospore, and Autospore
    - Autocolony Formation
    - Fragmentation
    - Resting Stages
  Sexual Reproduction
    - Haplontic or Zygotic Life Cycle
    - Diplontic or Gametic Life Cycle
    - Diplohaplontic or Sporic Life Cycles


Content
Summaries of the Ten Algal Divisions
  Cyanophyta and Prochlorophyta
  Glaucophyta
  Rhodophyta
  Heterokontophyta
  Haptophyta
  Cryptophyta
  Dinophyta
  Euglenophyta
  Chlorarachniophyta
  Chlorophyta
Endosymbiosis and Origin of Eukaryotic Algae
 


Content
Anatomy
Cytomorphology and Ultrastructure
  Outside the Cell
    - Type 1: Simple Cell Membrane
    - Type 2: Cell Surface with Additional Extracellular Material
      - Mucilages and Sheaths
      - Scales
      - Frustule
      - Cell Wall
      - Lorica
      - Skeleton
    - Type 3: Cell Surface with Additional Intracellular Material in Vesicles
    - Type 4: Cell Surface with Additional Extracellular and Intracellular Material
      - First Level
      - Second Level
      - Third Level


Content
Flagella and Associated Structures
  Flagellar Shape and Surface Features
  Flagellar Scales
  Flagellar Hairs
  Flagellar Spines


Content
Internal Features
  Axoneme
  Paraxial (Paraxonemal) Rod
  Other Intraflagellar Accessory Structures
  Transition Zone
  Basal Bodies
  Root System
    - Glaucophyta
    - Heterokontophyta
    - Haptophyta 
    - Cryptophyta
    - Dinophyta
    - Euglenophyta 
    - Chlorarachniophyta
    - Chlorophyta
 


Content
How Algae Move
  Swimming
  Movements Other Than Swimming
  Buoyancy Control
  How a Flagellum Is Built: The Intraflagellar Transport (IFT) 
  How a Flagellar Motor Works
Internal Flagellar Structure
  How a Paraflagellum Rod Works


Content
Photoreceptor Apparata
  Type I
  Type II
  Type III
  Photosensory Proteins and Methods for Their Investigation
    - Rhodopsin-Like Proteins
    - Flavoproteins
    - Action Spectroscopy
    - Absorption and Fluorescence Microspectroscopy
    - Biochemical and Spectroscopic Study of Extracted Visual Pigments
    - Electrophysiology
    - Molecular Biology Investigations


Content
How Algae Use Light Information
  Photocycling Proteins
  Sensitivity
  Noise 
  Direction
  Guiding
  Trajectory Control
  Signal Transmission
  An Example: Photoreceptor and Photoreception in Euglena 
 


Content
Chloroplasts
  Cyanophyta and Prochlorophyta
  Glaucophyta
  Rhodophyta
  Heterokontophyta
  Haptophyta
  Cryptophyta
  Dinophyta
  Euglenophyta 
  Chlorarachniophyta
  Chlorophyta


Content
Nucleus, Nuclear Division, and Cytokinesis
  Rhodophyta
  Cryptophyta
  Dinophyta
  Euglenophyta 
  Chlorophyta


Content
Ejectile Organelles and Feeding Apparata
  Heterokontophyta
  Haptophyta
  Cryptophyta
  Dinophyta
  Euglenophyta 
  Chlorarachniophyta
  Chlorophyta
 


Content
Photosynthesis
  Light
  Photosynthesis
    - Light Dependent Reactions
      - PSII and PSI: Structure, Function and Organization
      - ATP-Synthase 
      - ETC Components
      - Electron Transport: The Z-Scheme 
      - Proton Transport: Mechanism of Photosynthetic Phosphorylation 
      - Pigment Distribution in PSII and PSI Super-Complexes of
    - Light-Independent Reactions
      - RuBisCO
    - Calvin Benson Bassham Cycle
      - Carboxylation
      - Reduction
      - Regeneration
    - Photorespiration
  Energy Relationships in Photosynthesis: The Balance Sheet


Content
Biogeochemical Role of Algae
  Roles of Algae in Biogeochemistry 
    - Limiting Nutrients 
    - Algae and the Phosphorus Cycle 
    - Algae and the Nitrogen Cycle
    - Algae and the Silicon Cycle
    - Algae and the Sulfur Cycle 
    - Algae and the Oxygen/Carbon Cycles
 


Content
Working with Light
  What is Light?
  How Light Behaves
    - Scattering  
    - Absorption: Lambert–Beer Law
    - Interference
    - Reflection 
    - Refraction: Snell’s Law
    - Dispersion
    - Diffraction


Content
Field Instruments: Use and Application
Radiometry
  Measurement Geometries, Solid Angles
  Radiant Energy
  Spectral Radiant Energy
  Radiant Flux (Radiant Power)
  Spectral Radiant Flux (Spectral Radiant Power)
  Radiant Flux Density (Irradiance and Radiant Exitance)
  Spectral Radiant Flux Density
  Radiance
  Spectral Radiance
  Radiant Intensity
  Spectral Radiant Intensity


Content
Photometry
  Luminous Flux (Luminous Power) 
  Luminous Intensity
  Luminous Energy 
  Luminous Flux Density (Illuminance and Luminous Exitance)
  Luminance
  Lambertian Surfaces
  Units Conversion
    - Radiant and Luminous Flux (Radiant and Luminous Power)
    - Irradiance (Flux Density)
    - Radiance
    - Radiant Intensity
    - Luminous Intensity
    - Luminance
    - Geometries
  PAR Detectors
Photosynthesis–Irradiance Response Curve (P versus E curve)
Photoacclimation
 


Content
Algal Culturing
  Collection, Storage, and Preservation
  Culture Types
  Culture Parameters
    - Temperature
    - Light
    - pH
    - Salinity
    - Mixing


Content
Culture Vessels
Media Choice and Preparation
  Freshwater Media 
  Marine Media
    - Seawater Base
    - Nutrients, Trace Metals, and Chelators
    - Vitamins
    - Soil Extract
    - Buffers 


Content
Sterilization of Culture Materials
Culture Methods
  Batch Cultures 
  Continuous Cultures
  Semi-Continuous Cultures 
  Commercial-Scale Cultures
    - Outdoor Ponds 
    - Photobioreactors
  Culture of Sessile Microalgae
Quantitative Determinations of Algal Density and Growth
  Growth Rate and Generation Time Determinations
 


Content
Algae and Men
  Sources and Uses of Commercial Algae
    - Food
      - Cyanophyta
      - Rhodophyta 
      - Heterokontophyta
      - Chlorophyta
    - Extracts 
      - Agar
      - Alginate 
      - Carrageenan
    - Animal Feed
    - Fertilizers 
    - Cosmetics 
    - Therapeutic Supplements 
    - Toxin
 
     
 
 
     



     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer