Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: General Biotechnology / Microbial Biotechnology
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Features of Biotechnological Importance in Microorganisms

 
     
 
Until suitable methods for the isolation of specific micro-organisms for specific product were known, they were grown merely by providing optimum growth conditions for a given product, for example, nutrients, temperature, etc. In recent years, a revolutionary success has been made for the production of alcohols, vitamins, organic acids, ketones, enzymes, antibiotics, etc. on large scale by (i) characterization of strains, (ii) improvement of potential mutant and (iii) their further use for mass production of chemicals. It is the inherent ability of micro-organisms that they utilize a variety of organic substrates and result in a wide range of products through metabolic process. Owing to presence of biochemical diversity, micro-organisms have been commercially exploited by fermentation industry.

Content

Fermentation

Microorganisms

Cultures of microorganism

 

Solid or semisolid culture

 

Batch culture

 

Continuous culture

 

Fed-batch culture

Metabolic pathways in microorganisms

 

Glycolysis or EMP pathway

 

The Entner-Doudoroff pathway

 

The pentose phosphate pathway

Microbial products

 

Primary metabolites

 

Secondary metabolites

 

Enzymes

 

Microbial biomass


 
     
 
 
     




     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer