Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: General Biotechnology / Genes & Genetic Engineering
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Genetic Engineering for Human Welfare

 
     
 

In Techniques of Genetic Engineering, construction of recombinant DNA and its cloning into bacteria and plant/animal cells are described. Following these techniques thousands of DNA fragments of pro-and eukaryotes (plant and animals) have been cloned during fee last two decades. According to the utility the cloned DNAs can be used in basic research or commercial production of useful products. Basic research includes DNA probe, expression of cloned genes, colony/ plaque hybridization, genome mapping and many more related to genetic engineering.

Moreover, cloned genes are utilized commercially in, medicals, agriculture and industry, and the production of valuable products. An outline of arcja applications of genetic engineering techniques is given in Fig. 5.1. In this connection some of the cloned genes and application of genetic engineering techniques are described here.
  Area of application of genetic engineering techniques.
   

Fig. 5.1. Area of application of genetic engineering techniques.

Content

Cloned genes and production of chemicals

 

Human peptide hormone genes

 

 

Insulines

 

 

Somatotropin

 

 

Somatostatin

 

 

b-endorphin

 

Human interferon genes

 

Genes for vaccines

 

 

Vaccine for hepatitis-B virus

 

 

Vaccines for Rabies virus

 

 

Vaccines for poliovirus

 

 

Vaccine for foot and mouth disease virus

 

 

Vaccines for small pox virus

 

 

Malaria vaccines

 

 

DNA vaccines

 

Genes associated with genetic diseases

 

 

Phenylketonuria

 

 

Urokinase

 

 

Thalassaemia

 

 

Hemophilia

 

Enzyme engineering

 

Commercial chemicals

Prevention, diagnosis and cure of diseases

 

Prevention of diseases

 

Diagnosis of diseases

 

 

Parasitic diseases

 

 

Monoclonal antibodies

 

 

Antenatal diagnosis

 

Gene therapy

   

Types of gene therapy

 

 

Methods of gene therapy

 

 

Success of gene therapy

 

 

Potential of gene delivering system

 

 

Future needs of gene therapy in India

DNA profiling (fingerprinting)

 

Methods of DNA profiling

 

Application of DNA profiling

 

 

Genetic databank

 

 

Reuniting the lost children

 

 

Solving disputed problems of parentage, identity of criminals, rapists, etc

 

 

Immigrant dispute

 

Hurdles of DNA profiling

Animal and plant improvement

 

Transgenic Farm Animals

 

Crop Improvements

   

Transgenic plants

   

Nif gene transfer

   

Phaseolin gene transfer

   

Conversion of C3 plants to C4 plants

   

Herbicide resistant plants

   

Insect pest resistant plants

   

Plant improvement through genetic transformation

 

Crop Protection

   

Use of antagonists

   

Use of insecticides

Abatement of pollution



 
     
 
 
     




     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer