Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: General Biotechnology / Animal Biotechnology
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Manipulation of Reproduction and Transgenic Animals

 
     
 
Animals are a source of high protein, food, fiber and leather which men have been using since the time immemorial. In India milk and milk products have become a part of our civilization. Even in any small festival, demand of these two gets increased as several milk-based sweets and food items are prepared. Right from God worship to dining table use of milk and milk products is unavoidable. However, milk production could not keep pace with milk demand. Therefore, to meet milk demand synthetic milk and synthetic khoa are illegally sold in market even after several punishment threats declared by the Government. Due to unaware use of synthetic milk several infants have been reported to lose their lives.

Production of food from animals is inexpensive and exhausting, and less efficient than plants.
The most common farm hoofed animals are cattle, sheep, goats and pigs but unlike plants their management is expensive. Inspite of expenses rendered on nutrition, shelter and management, animals have been our companion since the dawn of civilization. Moreover, there is regional variation on availability of animal protein to human diet due to cost, culture and religion. In biological sense, despite several similarities animals differ from plants in their reproduction systems such as number of gametes (ova), completion of life cycle, production of products, etc. Except pigs females of all common livestocks produce one egg at about monthly intervals. Therefore, through biotechnological methods discovered in recent years, improvement in reproductive systems of animals, their milk proteins and milk-products, and several novel products which normally lack in animals can be carried out.


Content

Manipulation of reproduction in animals

 

Artificial insemination

   

Semen collection and its storage

   

Ovulation control

   

Sperm sexing

 

Embryo transfer

   

Multiple ovulation (superovulation)   

   

Multiple ovulation with embryo transfer

   

Embryo splitting

   

Embryo sexing

 

In vitro fertilization (IVF) technology

 

 

In vitro Maturation (IVM) of oocytes

 

 

Culture of in vitro fertilized embryos

 

Embryo Cloning

   

Quadriparental hybrid

   

Nuclear trans­ plantation (Dolly)

   

Embryonic stem cells

In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer in humans

 

Infertilities in humans

   

Male sterility

   

Female sterility

 

Who benefits IVF

 

How the patients for IVF treated

   

Indicators of ovary stimulation

   

Oocyte recovery and uptake

   

Semen preparation

 

IVF and embryo transfer

Transgenic animals

 

Strategies for gene transfer

   

Transfer of animal cells/embryo

   

Treatment through microinjection

   

Targeted gene transfer

 

Transgenic animals

 

Transgenic sheep

 

Transgenic fish

 

Animal bioreactor and molecular farming

Application of molecular genetics

 

Selected traits and their breeding into livestock

   

Diagnosis, elimination and breeding strategies of genetic diseases

 

Application of molecular genetics in improvement of livestock

   

Hybridization based markers

   

PCR-based markers

   

Properties of molecular markers

   

Application of molecular markers

   

Transgenic breeding strategies


 
     
 
 
     




     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer