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  Section: General Biotechnology / Microbial Biotechnology
 
 
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Features of Biotechnological Importance in Microorganisms

 
     
 

Microorganisms

At present more than one million microorganisms are known to be present in nature out of which about a few hundred species synthesize the useful products. Some of the micro-organisms are given below:

Algae

:

Chlorella sorokiniana, Spirulina maxima.

Bacteria

:

Acetobacter lacti, Acetobacter woodi, Bacillus subtilis, B. polymyxa, B. thuringiensis, Clostridium aceticum, Pseudomons denitrifican

Actinomycetes

:

Micromonospora purpurea, Nocardia mediterranei, Streptomyces aureofaciens, S.griseus, S.noursei.

Fungi

:

Aspergillus niger, A.oryzae, A.terreus, Candida utilis, Cephalosporium acremonium, Fusarium moniliforme, Gibberella fujikuroi, Morchella esculenta, Paecilomyces sp., Penicillium chrysogenum, P. notatum, Rhizopus nigricans, Saccharomyces cerevisae, S.lipolytica, S. rouxi, Trichoderma harzianum, T. reesei, and T. viride.

 

Content

Fermentation

Microorganisms

Cultures of microorganism

 

Solid or semisolid culture

 

Batch culture

 

Continuous culture

 

Fed-batch culture

Metabolic pathways in microorganisms

 

Glycolysis or EMP pathway

 

The entner-doudoroff pathway

 

The pentose phosphate pathway

Microbial products

 

Primary metabolites

 

Secondary metabolites

 

Enzymes

 

Microbial biomass


 
     
 
 
     



     
 
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