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  Section: General Biotechnology / Microbial Biotechnology
 
 
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Single Cell Protein (SCP) and Mycoprotein

 
     
 

Control of Pathogens and Pests

A number of harmful fungi and bacteria are encountered in composts which deplete the nutrients present for growth of mycelia, and attack fruit bodies at different growth stages of crops, resulting in serious crop losses. Myco-viruses are also known to attack mushrooms. Biological control of nematodes through plant extracts and nematophagous fungi are being tried at Solan. Leaf extract of castor, madar (Calotropis) were lethal to nematode (e.g. Aphelenchoides composticola) followed by neem, chrysanthemum, bhang (Canabis sativa), safeda and marigold, respectively. Incorporation of dried plant materials of above plants to compost increased yield to 7-12 per cent through favorable shift in the compost mycoflora (Sohi, 1988).
 

Content

Advantages of producing microbial protein

Microorganisms use as single cell protein (SCP)

Substrates used for the production of SCP

Nutritional values of SCP

Genetic improvements of microbial cells

Production of algal biomass

 

Factors affecting bio­mass production

 

Harvesting the algal biomass

 

Spirulina as SCP, cultivation and uses

Production of bacterial and actinomycetous biomass

 

Method of production

 

Factors affecting biomass production

 

Product recovery

Production of yeast biomass

 

Factors affecting growth of yeast

 

Recovery of yeast biomass

Production of fungal biomass (Other than Mushrooms)

 

Growth conditions

 

Organic wastes as substrates

 

Traditional fungal foods

 

 

Shoyu

 

 

Miso

 

 

Sake

 

 

Tempeh  

Mushroom culture

 

Historical background

 

Present status of mushroom culture in India

 

Nutritional values

 

Cultivation methods

 

 

Obtaining pure culture 

 

 

Preparation of spawns

 

 

Formulation and preparation of composts

 

 

Spawning, spawn running and cropping

 

Control of pathogens and pests

 

Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom

 

Cultivation of white button mushroom

 

Cultivation of Dhingri (Pleurotus sajor-caju)

 

Recipes of mushroom

 
     
 
 
     



     
 
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