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  Section: General Biotechnology / Microbial Biotechnology
 
 
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Single Cell Protein (SCP) and Mycoprotein

 
     
 

Present Status of Mushroom Cultivation in India

Since 1983, a large number of growers started mushroom cultivation during winter around Delhi, Chandigarh and some districts of Haryana (e.g. Sonepat, Rohtak, Karnal) and Punjab (e.g. Ferozpur, Patiala, Ludhiana and Jalandhar). In Bhiwani district of Haryana mushroom cultivation is gaining much popularity. Under the guidance of specialists of Krishi Gyan Kendra and Scientists of Haryana Agriculture University (Hissar) the farmers in villages Tagrana and Bamla have undertaken cultivation of mushrooms. These villages have been declared as mushroom villages.

 

Since mushrooms have a very short life, it should reach to consumers within a short time or immediately canned. This will lead to proper marketing of mushrooms. In India, over-production and improper care for marketing have resulted in the increase in price. The cost of production in India at present is comparatively higher than other countries (Rs. 10 / kg in North Indian plains and Rs. 15/kg in hills) and hence cannot compete in international market. The yield obtained so far is low due to (a) improper infrastructure of preparation of pasteurized compost, (b) use of ordinary buildings lacking proper temperature control as cropping rooms, (c) use of low yielding strains, (d) inadequate supply of quality spawn, (e) lack of trained manpower, and (f) inadequate research support (Sohi, 1988). The technology for cultivation and processing of mushroom has been developed at CFTRI (Hyderabad), RRL (Jammu) and NBRI (Lucknow). RRL and NBRI are distributing mushroom spawns in rural areas for mass cultivation. CFTRI has developed technique for processing and drying mushrooms.
 

Content

Advantages of producing microbial protein

Microorganisms use as single cell protein (SCP)

Substrates used for the production of SCP

Nutritional values of SCP

Genetic improvements of microbial cells

Production of algal biomass

 

Factors affecting bio­mass production

 

Harvesting the algal biomass

 

Spirulina as SCP, cultivation and uses

Production of bacterial and actinomycetous biomass

 

Method of production

 

Factors affecting biomass production

 

Product recovery

Production of yeast biomass

 

Factors affecting growth of yeast

 

Recovery of yeast biomass

Production of fungal biomass (Other than Mushrooms)

 

Growth conditions

 

Organic wastes as substrates

 

Traditional fungal foods

 

 

Shoyu

 

 

Miso

 

 

Sake

 

 

Tempeh  

Mushroom culture

 

Historical background

 

Present status of mushroom culture in India

 

Nutritional values

 

Cultivation methods

 

 

Obtaining pure culture 

 

 

Preparation of spawns

 

 

Formulation and preparation of composts

 

 

Spawning, spawn running and cropping

 

Control of pathogens and pests

 

Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom

 

Cultivation of white button mushroom

 

Cultivation of Dhingri (Pleurotus sajor-caju)

 

Recipes of mushroom

 
     
 
 
     



     
 
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