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  Section: Biotechnology Methods » Microbiology
 
 
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Catalase Test

 
     
 
Content
Microbiology
  Introduction
  The Microscopy
  The Bright Field Microscope
  Introduction to the Microscope and Comparison of Sizes and Shapes of Microorganisms
  Cell Size Measurements: Ocular and Stage Micrometers
  Measuring Depth
  Measuring Area
  Cell Count by Hemocytometer or Measuring Volume
  Measurement of Cell Organelles
  Use of Darkfield Illumination
  The Phase Contrast Microscope
  The Inverted Phase Microscope
  Aseptic Technique and Transfer of Microorganisms
  Control of Microorganisms by using Physical Agents
  Control of Microorganisms by using Disinfectants and Antiseptics
  Control of Microorganisms by using Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
  Isolation of Pure Cultures from a Mixed Population
  Bacterial Staining
  Direct Stain and Indirect Stain
  Gram Stain and Capsule Stain
  Endospore Staining and Bacterial Motility
  Enumeration of Microorganisms
  Biochemical Test for Identification of Bacteria
  Triple Sugar Iron Test
  Starch Hydrolysis Test (II Method)
  Gelatin Hydrolysis Test
  Catalase Test
  Oxidase Test
  IMVIC Test
  Extraction of Bacterial DNA
  Medically Significant Gram–Positive Cocci (GPC)
  Protozoans, Fungi, and Animal Parasites
  The Fungi, Part 1–The Yeasts
  Performance Objectives
  The Fungi, Part 2—The Molds
  Viruses: The Bacteriophages
  Serology, Part 1–Direct Serologic Testing
  Serology, Part 2–Indirect Serologic Testing

Aim
To study the organisms that are capable of producing the enzyme catalase.


Introduction
Most aerobic and facultative bacteria utilize oxygen to produce hydrogen peroxide. This hydrogen peroxide that they produce is toxic to their own enzymatic systems. Thus, hydrogen peroxide acts as an antimetabolite.

Their survival in the presence of toxic antimetabolite is possible because these organisms produce an enzyme called catalase. This enzyme converts peroxides into water and oxygen.


Principle
The enzyme catalase, which is present in most microorganisms, is responsible for the breakdown of toxic hydrogen peroxide that could accumulate in the cell as a result of various metabolic activities into the nontoxic substances, water and oxygen.


Reaction
The hydrogen peroxide formed by certain bacteria is converted to water and oxygen by the enzyme reaction. This best demonstrates whether that organism produces catalase or not. To do this test all that is necessary is to place a few drop of 3% hydrogen peroxide on the organism as a slant culture. If the hydrogen peroxide effervescence is present, the organism is catalase-positive. Alternatively, a small amount of culture to be tested is placed on top of the hydrogen peroxide. The production of gas bubbles indicates a positive reaction.


Materials
  • Glass wares
  • Test tubes with slant bacterial culture
  • 3% hydrogen peroxide.

Procedure
  1. Direct tube test: The tube is held at an angle and a few drops of 3% hydrogen peroxide are allowed to flow slowly over the culture. The emergence of bubbles from the organism is noted. The presence of bubble displays a positive, indicating the presence of enzyme catalase. If no gas is produced, this is a negative reaction.
  2. Slide technique: With the help of a sterile platinum loop, transfer a small amount of culture onto a clean slide. About 0.5 mL of 3% hydrogen peroxide is added to the culture.

    If bubbles are formed, it indicates a positive reaction, i.e., the presence of the enzyme catalase.
Result
Observe your experimental result.

 
     
 
 
     




     
 
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