Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
Services offered
  Section: General Biochemistry
Please share with your friends:  

General Biochemistry


Content of General Biochemistry
- Bioenergetics
» Introduction to Bioenergetics
» Catabolic Metabolism: the Synthesis of Atp
    » Glycolysis and Fermentation
    » Oxidation of Pyruvate: the Citric Acid Cycle
    » Oxidation of Fats and Oils, Major Metabolic Fuels
    » Catabolism of Proteins and Amino Acids
    » Summary
» Photosynthesis
    » Light Reactions
    » Co2 Reduction
    » Atp Synthesis Atp Synthesis in ch
» Origin of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
» Illustrations of the Uses of Atp: Ion Transport, Biosynthesis, and Motility
    » Ion Transport
    » Biosynthetic Use of Atp
    » Atp and Motility
» Concluding Statements
- Enzyme Mechanisms
» The Impetus
» Introduction to Enzymes as Catalysts
» Enzyme Kinetics
» Illustrative Examples
    » α - Chymotrypsin
    » Dihydrofolate Reductase
    » Phosphate Transfer
    » Triosephosphate Isomerase
    » Aspartate Aminotransferase
    » Cytochrome P450
» Origins of the Catalytic Efficiency of Enzymes
» Bibliography of Enzyme Mechanisms
- Food Colors
» About Food Colors
» Introduction to Food Colors
» Natural Food Pigments
    » Heme Pigments
    » Chlorophylls
    » Carotenoids of Food Colors
    » Flavonoid Pigments
    » Betalains
    » Miscellaneous Natural Food Colors
» Food Browning
    » Enzymatic Browning
    » Nonenzymatic Browning
» Color Additives in Foods
» Bibliography of Food Colors
- Glycoconjugates and Carbohydrates
» Introduction to Glycoconjugates and Carbohydrates
» Monosaccharides
    » Derivatives—Natural and Laboratory
    » Chemical Transformations
    » Biosynthesis
» Oligosaccharides
» Polysaccharides
    » Homopolysaccharides
    » Heteropolysaccharides
» Glycoconjugates
    » N-Linked Glycoproteins
    » O-Linked Glycoconjugates
» Analytical Methods
» Bibliography of Glycoconjugates and Carbohydrates
- Ion Transport Across Biological Membranes
» Introduction to Ion Transport Across Biological Membranes
» Relationship Between Transmembrane Inorganic Ion Flux and Transmembrane Potential
» Mechanism of Transmembrane Inorganic Ion Flux
» Inorganic Ion Transport and the Perception of Light
» Inorganic Ion Transport and Integration of Environmental Information
» Inorganic Ion Transport and the Rapid Transmission of Electrical Signals Over Long Distances (Up to ~1 M)
» Properties of the Protein (Potassium Channel) That Allows K+ But Not Na+ to Cross the Membrane
» Inorganic Ion Transport Against A Concentration Gradient At Expense of Atp Hydrolysis
» Conclusion and Outlook
» Bibliography of Ion Transport Across Biological Membranes
- Lipoprotein Cholesterol Metabolism
» Lipid Absorption
» Plasma Lipoprotein Structure
» Chylomicron Metabolism
» VLDL Metabolism (Endogenous Triglyceride Metabolism)
» IDL and LDL Metabolism
» Apolipoproteins Mediate Lipoprotein Metabolism
» The LDL Receptor
» Familial Hypercholesterolemia
» How Do Sterols Regulate Gene Expression?
» Other Lipoprotein Receptors
» HDL and “Reverse Cholesterol Transport”
» Tangier Disease and Familial Hypoalphalipoproteinemia
» LP(A) and APO(A)
» Common Isoforms of Apolipoprotein E (Apoe)
» Apo-E and Alzheimer’s Disease
» Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia and Hypertriglyceridemia
» Treatment of Lipoprotein Disorders
» Final Perspective
» Bibliography of Lipoprotein Cholesterol Metabolism
- Membrane Structure
» The Main Structure
» Introduction to Membrane Structure
» Membrane Lipids
» The Membrane–Water Interface
» Hydrophobic Core Region
» Phase Behavior of Lipids and Membrane Domain Formation
» Interaction of Membrane Lipids With Amphiphilic Molecules and Transmembrane Proteins
» Concluding Remarks
» Bibliography of Membrane Structure
- Natural Antioxidants in Foods
» Atmospheric (Triplet)
» Free Radical Scavengers
    » Phenolic Antioxidants
    » Ascorbate
    » Thiols
    » Carotenoids of Natural Antioxidants in Foods
» Metal Chelators
» Antioxidant Enzymes
» Conclusion
» Bibliography of Natural Antioxidants in Foods
- Nucleic Acid Synthesis
» Nucleic Acids
» Structure and Function of Nucleic Acids
    » Basic Chemical Structure
    » Base Pairing in Nucleic Acids: Double Helical Structure of Dna
    » Size, Structure, Organization, and Complexity of Genomes
    » Information Storage, Processing, and Transfer
    » Chromosomal Dna Compaction and Its Implications in Replication and Transcription
    » DNA Sequence and Chromosome Organization
    » Repetitive Sequences: Selfish DNA
    » Chromatin Remodeling and Histone Acetylation
» Nucleic Acid Syntheses
    » Similarity of DNA and RNA Synthesis
    » DNA Replication Vs Transcription: Enzymatic Processes
    » Multiplicity of DNA and RNA Polymerases
» DNA Replication and Its Regulation
    » DNA Replication
    » Regulation of DNA Replication
    » Regulation of Bacterial DNA Replication at the Level of Initiation
    » DNA Chain Elongation and Termination in Prokaryotes
    » General Features of Eukaryotic DNA Replication
    » Licensing of Eukaryotic Genome Replication
    » Fidelity of DNA Replication
    » Replication of Telomeres—The End Game
    » Telomere Shortening: Linkage Between Telomere Length and Limited Life Span
» Maintenance of Genome Integrity
» DNA Manipulations and their Applications
» Transcriptional Processes
    » Recognition of Prokaryotic Promoters and Role of S-Factors
    » Regulation of Transcription in Bacteria
    » Eukaryotic Transcription
    » RNA Splicing in Metazoans
    » Regulation of Transcription in Eukaryotes
    » Fidelity of Transcription (RNA Editing)
» Chemical Synthesis of Nucleic Acids (Oligonucleotides)
» Bibliography of Nucleic Acid Synthesis
- Protein Folding
» Proteins
» Introduction to Protein Folding
» Stability of the Tertiary Fold
» Folding Pathways
» Empirical Approaches
    » General Experimental Strategies
    » Basic Thermodynamic Relationships
    » Experimental Signals
    » Kinetics Experiments
» Closing Comments
» Bibliography of Protein Folding
  Protein Structure
» Introduction to Protein Structure
» Amino Acids
» Protein Structure Determination
» Structural Hierachy
» Secondary Structural Motifs
» Protein Stability
» Tertiary Structure
» Membrane Proteins
» Superfamilies and Structural Evolution
» Quaternary Structure
» Conclusions
» Bibliography of Protein Structure
  Protein Synthesis
» Introduction to Protein Synthesis
» Information Transfer and the Genetic Code
» Transfer Rnas
» Aminoacyl–Trna Synthetases
» An Overview of Translation
» Translation Initiation
» Elongation
» Termination
» Ribosome Recycling
» Molecular Mimicry By Translational Factors
» Translational Accuracy
» The Ribosome
» Inhibitors of Protein Synthesis
» Post-Translational Modifications
» Mitochondrial Protein Synthesis
» Nonribosomal Peptide Synthesis
» Protein Synthesis and the Rna World
» Bibliography of Protein Synthesis
  Vitamins and Coenzymes
» Coenzymes
» The Discovery of Vitamins and Coenzymes
» Nutritional Recommendations
» Chemical Properties and Functions
    » Coenzyme A, An Acyl Group Carrier and Activator
    » Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (Nad+) and Flavin Adenine Dinucleotide (Fad), Hydrogen and Electron Carriers
    » Cleaving C—C Bonds With the Help of Coenzymes
    » Carriers of Single-Carbon Compounds, and Other Roles of Pterin Coenzymes
    » Antioxidant Systems
    » Vitamin A and Vision
    » Vitamins A and D as Prohormones
    » Vitamin K and Blood Clotting
    » Recently Discovered Coenzymes and Prosthetic Groups
» Bibliography of Vitamins and Coenzymes

Copyrights 2012 © | Disclaimer