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  Section: Genetics » Sex Linked, Sex Influenced and Sex Limited Traits
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Sex Influenced Traits (horned character in sheep)

Sex Linked, Sex Influenced and Sex Limited Traits
Sex linked traits 
Sex linkage in Drosophila
Sex linked lethals in Drosophila
Sex linkage in human beings
Sex linkage in poultry
Non-disjunction of sex chromosomes in Drosophila
Sex Influenced Traits (horned character in sheep)
Sex Limited Traits (cock feathering in poultry and baldness in man).

In some organisms, traits are influenced by sex of the organism. In other words, male and female individuals, which are genotypically similar for a particular trait, give different expressions of the same trait, thus demonstrating that the trait is influenced by sex. Such traits are called sex-influenced traits. This can be illustrated with the help of example of horns in sheep, which are effectively controlled by a single gene, since other genes controlling this trait are always homozygous. Among Dorset sheep, both sexes are horned and homozygous (h+h+). In Suffolk sheep, both sexes are hornless and homozygous recessive (hh). When Dorset (horned) are crossed to Suffolk (hornless), the F1 (h+h)are found to be horned males and hornless females. When F1's (h+h)are intercrossed, in the resulting F2 progeny, males segregated as 3 (horned) to 1 (hornless), while females segregated as 1 (horned) to 3 (hornless). It is thus obvious that expression of only heterozygote (h+h)is influenced by sex, h+h being horned in male and hornless in female (Table 16.1). In other words, while horned character is dominant in male, it is recessive in female. This influence is believed to be mainly due to male and female hormones.

genteic botany

Certain characters in human beings which are not located on sex chromosomes, are also believed to be sex influenced. For instance, white forelock (areas of skin completely without pigment), absence of upper lateral incisor teeth, a type of enlargement of terminal joint fingers, harelip (a fissure in upper lip), cleft palate (a fissure in roof of mouth) and stuttering (involuntary repeats of letters or words) are more common and more severely influenced in males.


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