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  Section: Introduction to Botany » Chemistry
 
 
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Amino Acids

 
     
 
Content
Chemistry
  Empirical and Structural Formulas
  Alcohols
  Organic Acids
  Amino Acids
  Polymers
  Proteins
  Carbohydrates
  Lipids

Structural formula for glycine, an amino acid.
Figure 4-11 Structural
formula for glycine, an
amino acid.
If a hydrogen atom that is attached to a carbon atom adjacent to a carboxyl group is replaced with −NH2, (an amino group), the compound becomes an amino acid, as shown in figure 4-11. While this could be called an amino acetic acid, its more common name is glycine. If propionic acid is converted to an amino acid, alanine results (figure 4-12).
Alanine results when propionic acid is converted to an amino acid.
Figure 4-12 Alanine results when propionic
acid is converted to an amino acid.


 
     
 
 
     



     
 
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