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  Section: Introduction to Botany » Lichens
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Products from Lichens

  Reproduction in Lichens
  The Members of a Lichen
  Growth of Lichens
  Products from Lichens
  Lichens and the Doctrine of Signatures

Several forms of lichen are used to produce dyes. Ochrolechia tartarea is one example. Litmus is derived from lichens such as Roccella tinctoria, R. fucijiormis, and Lecanora tartarea. Evernia prunastri is used in making perfume. Cladonia mitis, C. sylvatica, and Cetraria islandica are also valuable forage for reindeer, caribou, and moose.


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