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  Section: Introduction to Botany » Respiration and Fermentation
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Respiration and Fermentation

Respiration and Fermentation
  The ATP Molecule
  Respiration and Photosynthesis
  The Anaerobic and Aerobic Pathways
  The Carbon Cycle
A chemical equation for respiration  showing the breakdown of glucose
Figure 10-1 A chemical equation for respiration
showing the breakdown of glucose

A chemical equation showing the initial and final products of respiration is commonly represented as the breakdown of glucose (see figure 10-1). In this process, energy is released. This energy can then be used in doing the work of the cell. This energy is not used immediately following carbohydrate breakdown however. Rather, it is transferred to a reservoir, where it can be stored and subsequently called on. The storage reservoir for energy is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Its chemical structure is shown in figure 10-2.

The structural formulafo r adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Figure 10-2 The structural formulafo r adenosine triphosphate (ATP).


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