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  Section: Introduction to Botany » Fruits and Seeds
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Variations in Seed Composition

Fruits and Seeds
  Forms of Fruit
  Seed Structure and Characteristics
  Functions of Seeds
  Variations in Seed Composition
  Seed Longevity
  Seed Germination

There is great variation in seed composition. In some seeds, the cotyledons have a high oil content (for example, in soy beans and peanuts). In others, the cotyledons store starch. Many bean-family plants have seeds with a high protein content. Some seeds contain sugar (onion seeds, for instance). The seeds of sweet corn contain sugar that changes to starch in maturity. Seeds are important sources of food for people and other animals. Rice, wheat, oats, barley, corn, beans, peas, and nuts are all important food sources.


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