Biodynamic farming means biological dynamics. It is a method of organic agriculture, which considers farm as a living system and where one activity affects the other
Biodynamic farming evolved in Europe in the 1920s following lectures on agriculture by the Austrian anthroposophist Rudolf Steiner. Biodynamic farming parallels organic farming in many ways but places greater emphasis on the integration of animals to create a closed nutrient cycle, effect of crop planting dates in relation to the calendar, and awareness of spiritual forces in nature. A unique feature of this system is the use of eight specific preparation derived from cow manure, silica, and herbal extracts to treat compost piles, soils, and crops.
Demeter (tm) is a certification program for and feed produced by strictly biodynamic farming methods. The Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) marketing programs, gathering popularity as an innovative method of subscription farming, were largely introduced into the U.S. by the biodynamic movement. An article on soil quality and financial performance of biodynamic and conventional farms in New Zealand in the April 16, 1993 issue of Science. In a comparison of 16 adjacent farms, the biodynamic farms exhibited superior soil physical, biological and chemical properties and were just as financially viable as their counterparts.
Organic Farming vs. Biodynamic Farming
The biodynamic farming is more than just another organic method. It stands for a truly scientific way of producing humus. It does not involve in the application of organic matter in a more or less decomposed form but the use of completely digested Irom of crude organic matter known as stabilized and stable humus. In this aim, the method differs from organic farming. IN the case of biodynamic fanning the organic material to be used as basis for compost is transformed either by means of the biodynamic compost preparations or by means of the biodynamic compost starter.