Farms with Plant Production and Livestock
The entire operation should be seen as a whole. It is not recommended to separate the conversion of individual fields or individual livestock productions, unless this is on the basis of imposed public restrictions or can be justified according to local conditions. Farming with plant production/livestock and using remote areas (outlaying fields, alpine pastures, etc). When organic farmland and remote areas are operated under the same management, the remote areas in general should be included in the conversion plan as well. Areas which:
This is the period in which organic methods are introduced and the organic system is developed. Techniques have to be learned and labor reorganized. Experience shows that such a period takes from three to five years, depending on the situation. Often, a conversion plan is made, but the conversion can be a difficult time for farmers. Banks often deny credit to farmers who convert to a system where they might have lower yields. It might take a few years before pest predators are at full strength again. Farmers have to learn to observe more than they used to. After conversion, the system should be flexible enough to adapt itself from within to any changes in circumstances. From this point of view, it should be an autonomous system.
Although this concept fully fits in the goals and criteria of organic agriculture systems are not proposed as a miracle solution for all the problems mentioned in Chapter 1. One should not set high hopes on a single concept, especially after experience with the Green Revolution and biotechnology, which were understood by many as miracle solutions.
These are assumptions throughout the organic literature of differences between organic and conventional systems with respect to their effects on soil physical properties, soil insect fauna, nutrient flow within the soil, crop health, and nutritional value of the harvested crop. One finds many principles commonly held by organic farmers such as feed the soil and not the crop, and the need to rotate with deep rooted crops to bring nutrients from deep in the soil profile. There are other perplexing observations such as the decline in yields during the process of conversion from conventional to organic practices. These assumptions, principles and observations cover virtually every aspect of crop and animal management in organic systems. Some are readily understandable, but many deal with physical and biological interactions which have not been researched and are little understood.
Initiating Organic FarmingDrylands are the potential place where organic farming can be started first because in drylands-
Medicinal Plants-the First Crops for Organic Farming
Organic farming in drylands can be started with medicinal plants because
Therefore, it may be concluded that the fast development of technology for increasing production without given due importance to the agro-ecosystem balance resulted in disturbed natural cycles of carbon, nutrient and food chain of flora and fauna. The results are visible in terms of decreasing yield and increasing unsustainability in agro-ecosystem. The need is to revive natural balance with sustainable farming concept. There are several approaches has been recommended by various scientist, farmers, and forums. Organic farming is one such approach which emphasis on maintaining the cycle of input-output with eco-friendly methods, is becoming widely recognized by researchers and farmers and gaining popularity in the international market. Organic farming has one distinguish feature of certification as compared to the other sustainable production systems. For certification certain rules and standards has to be followed Although it need both time and money but ultimately get due recognition by the mother nature and in the market.
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