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  Section: Medicinal Plants / Cultivation
 
 
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Multi Tier Agriculture System for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants

 
     
 
Content
⇒ Eco-Friendly Farming
  ⇒ Evolution of Sustainable Agriculture
⇒ Organic Farming
⇒ Biological Farming
⇒ Nature Farming
⇒ Regenerative Agriculture
⇒ Permaculture
⇒ Alternate Agriculture
⇒ Ecological Agriculture
⇒ Ecological Farming Systems
  ⇒ Objectives of Ecological Farming
  ⇒ Prospects
  ⇒ Integrated Intensive Farming System (IIFS)
  ⇒ Low External Input Supply Agriculture (LEISA)
    ⇒ Low-Input Agriculture
    ⇒ Criteria for LEISA
    ⇒ Ecological Criteria
    ⇒ Economic Criteria
    ⇒ Social Criteria
⇒ Biodynamic Agriculture
  ⇒ Organic Farming vs. Biodynamic Farming
  ⇒ Principles of Biodynamic Farming
  ⇒ Rules for Using Biodynamic Agriculture
⇒ Organic Agriculture System
  ⇒ The Major Aims of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Concept of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Difference Between Organic and Conventional Farming
  ⇒ History of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Needs of Organic Farming
    ⇒ Needs for Organic Inputs
  ⇒ In Partnership With Nature
⇒ Basic Standards and General Principles for Organic Agriculture
  ⇒ Crop and Soil Management
  ⇒ Choice of Crops and Varieties
  ⇒ Crop Rotations
  ⇒ Nutrient Management
  ⇒ Management of Pests, Diseases and Weeds
  ⇒ Wild Products
  ⇒ Pollution Control
  ⇒ Soil and Water Conservation
    ⇒ Landscape
⇒ Principle Requirements and Pre-Conditions
⇒ Conversion From Conventional to Organic Farming
  ⇒ Farms With Plant Production and Livestock
  ⇒ Initiating Organic Farming
    ⇒ Medicinal Plants-The First Crops for Organic Farming
⇒ Important Tips for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
⇒ Multi Tier Agriculture System for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
    ⇒ Benefits of Multi-Tier Agriculture System (MTAS)
    ⇒ Selection of Shade Crops
    ⇒ Irrigation
    ⇒ Disease and Protection
    ⇒ Benefits for Farmers and the World
⇒ Indigenous Agricultural Practices for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
  ⇒ Rationality of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge/ Practices


Earlier, medicinal plants were obtained from the forests. At that time in the forests they were in abundance and the consumption was in milligrams or grams. But now, the situation has reversed due to deforestation, uprooting of the plants for fulfilling the requirements and the craze for herbal globalization. So all the medicinal plants, which require shade and base for climbing, have become endangered. Therefore, the rates have also increased and are unable to fulfill the requirement of the genuine material in the world.


At present time the cultivation of medicinal plants is the only way by which one can fulfill the world's requirement along with quality. Shade loving plants are now some where growing in the open field and the climbers are grown by giving artificial support. So, the rates are too high and quality is not good. Everyone is facing problems. The farmers are unable to cultivate medicinal plants in large scale due to too much expense. The pharmaceutical companies are unable to maintain the quality in their medicines due to variation in raw materials. Exporters and importers also face the same problem.


In this alarming situation MTAS is the only way, which can be helpful for farmers, pharmaceutical companies and the world to get/produce good quality of genuine material in abundance.



Benefits of Multi-Tier Agriculture System (MTAS)
- One time ploughing in a life.
- Needs very less water for irrigation.
- One time in a life to purchase the seeds.
- No need of chemical fertilizer, pesticides and weedicides.
- Save - expenditure of round the year ploughing Save - 80% of the expenditure.
- Save - expenditure to purchase hybrid seeds every year.
- Save-100% saving

Selection of climbers: Selection of the climber is done according to the climatic condition of the regions. Mainly, the following climbers are common for every/region:
- Kounch - Mucuna prurita
- Kalihari - Gloriosa superba
- Pippali - Piper longum
- Karela - Momordica charantia


Selection of Shade Crops
- Sweth musli - Chlorophytum bpriviliamum
- Sarpagandha - Rauwolfia serprntina
- Haridra - Curcuma longa
- Adrak - Zingiber officinales
- Ashwagandha -j Withania somnifera




Irrigation
In first year, water should be supplied only to the rows of Jatropha curcus. In second year rain gun system is best for M.T.A.S. By this system we can save manpower, electricity and soil erosion. In this system, water will first fall on the leaves of Jatropha, then drop by drop it will fall in the soil. So 100% water will be absorbed by the soil.




Disease and Protection
The neem oil in March-April should paint every year main stem of Jatropha
- Spray the neem oil on the crop.
- Cow urine can also be sprayed.
- Make a paste of neem leaves, dhatura leaves and ark leaves, dissolve it in water and then spray.
- Guggul smoke also helps to protect the crop against viruses.
- Hang a bell in the field and ring the bell daily at the time of sun set. The sound waves from the bell will kill the viruses.




Benefits for Farmers and the World
- Good quality and genuine material will always be available.
- From the farmers, pharmaceutical industries can buy-back, so they will get similar quality of raw material. No variation will come in medicine which comes due to crude material.


In this way we can solve this problem along with conservation of medicinal plants.
 
     
 
 
     




     
 
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