Once the crop is established, proper care is required to control weeds. Soil around the plant is to be stirred so as to control weeds and to provide aeration. Adequate measures are taken to avoid lodging of tall growing crops. Special operations are undertaken to induce the crop growth and to get large harvest of economic produce. All the practices that are carried out after the establishment of the crop are to called after-cultivation practices. General after-cultural operations include: hand
weeding, hand hoeing, working junior hoe, earthing up, detrashing and propping, topping and desuckering and quartering.
Other practices such as irrigation, manuring and plant protection are also known as after-cultivation or after care measures. Hand hoeing or weeding and earthing up operations that are carried out in the standing crop are called as intercultural practices.