Rotating means growing specific groups of plants in a different place each season. This may not be feasible in a very small garden. Moreover, there are a number of reasons why rotation is undertaken and some of them, such as supply of nutrients, may be important with a compost-rich organic system. On the other hand, pest and disease prevention is an important consideration.
Random or Bulk Planting
Farmers normally adopt random planting. In this method of planting, entire field is demarked into a number of strips having a width of 1.5- 2.0 m and convenient length. A.rogue spacing of 30 cm is allowed between the strips. The borders of the strips are first planted. Seedlings are then spread in each strip and planting is carried out. In most situations, seedlings are planted covering entire field without leaving the rogue space. In this type of random planting, optimum plant population and spacing between the hills cannot be maintained. However, maintenance of adequate population depends on the skill of the laborers.
Planting Under Irrigated Condition (Garden Land)
Crops such as finger millet and tobacco are transplanted under irrigated condition. The field is prepared with repeated ploughing and flat beds of convenient sizes are formed. Normally beds of 10-20 m2are prepared and irrigation channels are provided. Water is let into the plots and with the saturated moisture, seedlings are planted. Finger millet is planted at 15 x 15 cm spacing. Tobacco seedlings are planted with a spacing of 80 x 80 cm for cigarette, bidi, chewing or snuff types. For cheroot and cigar types, 75 x 60 cm spacing is adopted.