Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways » Metabolic Engineering of the Content and Fatty Acid Composition
  of Vegetable Oils
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

References

 
     
 
Abbadi, A., Domergue, F., Bauer, J., Napier, J. A., Welti, R., Za¨hringer, U., Cirpus, P., and Heinz, E. (2004). Biosynthesis of very-long-chain fatty acids in transgenic oilseeds: Constraints on their accumulation. Plant Cell 16, 2734–2748.

A ´ lvarez-Ortega, R., Cantisa´n, S., Martı´nez-Force, E., and Garce´s, R. (1997). Characterization of polar and nonpolar seed lipid classes from highly saturated fatty acid sunflower mutants. Lipids 32, 833–837.

American Soybean Association (2007). Soy StatsTM, A Reference Guide to Important Soybean Facts & Figures, 2007. http://www.soystats.com

Auld, D. L., Heikkinen, M. K., Erickson, D. A., Sernyk, J. L., and Romero, J. E. (1992). Rapeseed mutants with reduced levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids and increased levels of oleic acid. Crop Sci. 32, 657–662.

Banas´, A., Dahlqvist, A., Ståhl, U., Lenman, M., and Stymne, S. (2000). The involvement of phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferases in triacylglycerol production. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 28, 703–705.

Barre, D. E. (2001). Potential of evening primrose, borage, black currant, and fungal oils in human health. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 45, 47–57.

Beaudoin, F., Michaelson, L. V., Hey, S. J., Lewis, M. J., Shewry, P. R., Sayanova, O., and Napier, J. A. (2000). Heterologous reconstitution in yeast of the polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthetic pathway. Proc. Natl. Acad. USA 97, 6421–6426.

Beisson, F., Soo, A. J. K., Russka, S., Schwender, J., Pollard, M., Thelen, J. J., Paddock, T., Salas, J. J., Savage, L., Milcamps, A., Mhaske, V. B., Cho, Y., et al. (2003). Arabidopsis genes involved in acyl lipid metabolism. A 2003 census of the candidates, a study of the distribution of expressed sequence tags in organs, and a web-based database. Plant Physiol. 132, 681–697.

Blonde, J. D., and Plaxton, W. C. (2003). Structural and kinetic properties of high and low molecular mass phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase isoforms from the endosperm of developing castor oilseeds. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 11867–11873.

Bonaventure, G., Salas, J. J., Pollard, M. R., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2003). Disruption of the FatB gene in Arabidopsis demonstrates an essential role of saturated fatty acids in plant growth. Plant Cell 15, 1020–1033.

Bourgis, F., Kader, J.-C., Barret, P., Renard, M., Robinson, D., Robinson, C., Delseny, M., and Roscoe, T. J. (1999). A plastidial lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase from oilseed rape. Plant Physiol. 120, 913–922.

Brocard-Gifford, I. M., Lynch, T. J., and Finkelstein, R. R. (2003). Regulatory networks in seeds integrating developmental, abscisic acid, sugar, and light signaling. Plant Physiol. 131, 78–92.

Broun, P., Shanklin, J., Whittle, E., and Somerville, C. (1998). Catalytic plasticity of fatty acid modification enzymes underlying chemical diversity of plant lipids. Science 282, 1315–1317.

Brown, A. P., Slabas, A. R., and Denton, H. (2002). Substrate selectivity of plant and microbial lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferases. Phytochemistry 61, 493–501.

Bruner, A. C., Jung, S., Abbott, A. G., and Powell, G. L. (2001). The naturally occurring high oleate oil character in some peanut varieties results from reduced oleoyl-PC desaturase activity from mutation of aspartate 150 to asparagine. Crop Sci. 41, 522–526.

Bru¨ ck, F. M., Brummel, M., Schuch, R., and Spener, F. (1996). in vitro evidence for feed-back regulation of β-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III in medium-chain fatty acid biosynthesis. Planta 198, 271–278.

Buhr, T., Sato, S., Ebrahim, F., Xing, A., Zhou, Y., Mathiesen, M., Schweiger, B., Kinney, A., Staswick, P., and Clemente, T. (2002). Ribozyme termination of RNA transcripts down-regulate seed fatty acid genes in transgenic soybean. Plant J. 30, 155–163.

Cahoon, E. B., Cranmer, A. M., Shanklin, J., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (1994). D6 Hexadecenoic acid is synthesized by the activity of a soluble Δ6 palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in Thunbergia alata endosperm. J. Biol. Chem. 269, 27519–27526.

Cahoon, E. B., Dietrich, C. R., Meyer, K., Damude, H. G., Dyer, J. M., and Kinney, A. J. (2006). Conjugated fatty acids accumulate to high levels in phospholipids of metabolically engineered soybean and Arabidopsis seeds. Phytochemistry 67, 1166–1176.

Cahoon, E. B., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (1994). Metabolic evidence for the involvement of a Δ4-palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in petroselinic acid synthesis in coriander endosperm and transgenic tobacco cells. Plant Physiol. 104, 827–837.

Cahoon, E. B., and Shanklin, J. (2000). Substrate-dependent mutant complementation to select fatty acid desaturase variants for metabolic engineering of plant seed oils. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 12350–12355.

Cahoon, E. B., Shockey, J. M., Dietrich, C. R., Gidda, S. K., Mullen, R. T., and Dyer, J. M. (2007). Engineering oilseeds for sustainable production of industrial and nutritional feedstocks: Solving bottlenecks in fatty acid flux. Curr. Opin. Plant. Biol. 10, 236–244.

Cahoon, E. B., Lindqvist, Y., Schneider, G., and Shanklin, J. (1997). Redesign of soluble fatty acid desaturases from plants for altered substrate specificity and double bond position. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 4872–4877.

Cahoon, E. B., Shah, S., Shanklin, J., and Browse, J. (1998). A determinant of substrate specificity predicted from the acyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase of cat’s claw seed. Plant Physiol. 117, 593–598.

Cahoon, E. B., Carlson, T. J., Ripp, K. G., Schweiger, B. J., Cook, G. A., Hall, S. E., and Kinney, A. J. (1999). Biosynthetic origin of conjugated double bonds: Production of fatty acid components of high-value drying oils in transgenic soybean embryos. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 12395–12940.

Cahoon, E. B., Marillia, E.-F., Stecca, K. L.,Hall, S. E., Taylor, D. C., and Kinney, A. J. (2000). Production of fatty acid components of meadowfoam oil in somatic soybean embryos. Plant Physiol. 124, 243–251.

Cahoon, E. B., Ripp, K. G., Hall, S. E., and Kinney, A. J. (2001). Formation of conjugated Δ8, Δ10-double bonds by Δ12-oleic acid desaturase related enzymes: Biosynthetic origin of calendic acid. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 2637–2643.

Cahoon, E. B., Ripp, K. G.,Hall, S. E., andMcGonigle, B. (2002). Transgenic production of epoxy fatty acids by expression of a cytochrome P450 enzyme from Euphorbia lagascae

Cahoon, E. B., Schnurr, J. A., Huffman, E. A., and Minto, R. E. (2003). Fungal responsive fatty acid acetylenases occur widely in evolutionarily distant plant families. Plant J. 34, 671–683.

Carver, B. F., Burton, J. W., Carter, T. E., Jr., and Wilson, R. F. (1986). Response to environmental variation of soybean lines selected for altered unsaturated fatty acid composition. Crop Sci. 26, 1176–1181.

Cernac, A., and Benning, C. (2004). WRINKLED1 encodes an AP2/EREB domain protein involved in the control of storage compound biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 40, 575–585.

Cheesbrough, T. M. (1989). Changes in the enzymes for fatty acid synthesis and desaturation during acclimation of developing soybean seeds to altered growth temperature. Plant Physiol. 90, 760–764.

Cronan, J. E., Jr., and Subrahmanyam, S. (1998). FadR, transcriptional co-ordination of metabolic expediency. Mol. Microbiol. 29, 937–943.

Cronan, J. E., Jr., and Waldrop, G. L. (2002). Multi-subunit acetyl-CoA carboxylases. Prog. Lipid Res. 41, 407–435.

Dahlqvist, A., Ståhl, U., Lenman, M., Banas, A., Lee, M., Sandager, L., Ronne, H., and Stymne, S. (2000). Phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase: An enzyme that catalyzes the acyl-CoA-independent formation of triacylglycerol in yeast and plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 6487–6492.

Das, T., Huang, Y.-S., and Mukerji, P. (2000). Δ6-desaturase and γ-linolenic acid biosynthesis: A biotechnology perspective. In ‘‘Gamma-Linolenic Acid: Recent Advances in Biotechnology and Clinical Applications’’ (Y.-S. Huang and V. A. Ziboh, eds.), pp. 6–23. AOCS Press, Champaign, IL.

Dehesh, K., Edwards, P., Fillatti, J., Slabaugh, M., and Byrne, J. (1998). KAS IV: A 3-ketoacyl-ACP synthase from Cuphea sp. is a medium chain specific condensing enzyme. Plant J. 15, 383–390.

Dehesh, K., Tai, H., Edwards, P., Byrne, J., and Jaworski, J. G. (2001). Overexpression of 3-ketoacyl-acylcarrier protein synthase IIIs in plants reduces the rate of lipid synthesis. Plant Physiol. 125, 1103–1114.

Domergue, F., Abbadi, A., Ott, C., Zank, T. K., Za¨hringer, U., and Heinz, E. (2003). Acyl carriers used as substrates by the desaturases and elongases involved in very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids biosynthesis reconstituted in yeast. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 35115–35126.

Do¨rmann, P., Voelker, T. A., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2000). Accumulation of palmitate in Arabidopsis mediated by the acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase FatB1. Plant Physiol. 123, 637–643.

Dyer, J. M., Chapital, D. C., Kuan, J. C., Mullen, R. T., Turner, C., Mckeon, T. A., and Pepperman, A. B. (2002). Molecular analysis of a bifunctional fatty acid conjugase/desaturase from tung. Implications for the evolution of plant fatty acid diversity. Plant Physiol. 130, 2027–2038.

Eccleston, V. S., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (1998). Expression of lauroyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterases in Brassica napus seeds induces pathways for both fatty acid oxidation and biosynthesis and implies a set point for triacylglycerol accumulation. Plant Cell 10, 613–621.

Engeseth, N., and Stymne, S. (1996). Desaturation of oxygenated fatty acids in Lesquerella and other oil seeds. Planta 198, 238–245.

Ferna´ndez-Moya, V., Martı´nez-Force, E., and Garce´s, R. (2002). Temperature effect on a high stearic acid sunflower mutant. Phytochemistry 59, 33–37.

Focks, N., and Benning, C. (1998). wrinkled1: A novel, low-seed-oil mutant of Arabidopsis with a deficiency in the seed-specific regulation of carbohydrate metabolism. Plant Physiol. 118, 91–101.

Frentzen, M. (1998). Acyltransferases from basic science to modified seed oils. Fett-Lipid 100, 161–166.

Garcı´a-Maroto, F., Garrido-Ca´rdenas, J. A., Rodrı´guez-Ruiz, J., Vilches-Ferro´n, M., Adam, A. C., Polaina, J., and Alonso, D. L. (2002). Cloning and molecular characterization of the delta6-desaturase from two Echium plant species: Production of GLA by heterologous expression in yeast and tobacco. Lipids 37, 417–426.

Ghanevati, M., and Jaworski, J. G. (2002). Engineering and mechanistic studies of the Arabidopsis FAE1 β-ketoacyl-CoA synthase, FAE1 KCS. Eur. J. Biochem. 269, 3531–3539.

Girke, T., Schmidt, H., Za¨hringer, U., Reski, R., and Heinz, E. (1998). Identification of a novel Δ6-acylgroup desaturase by targeted gene disruption in Physcomitrella patens. Plant J. 15, 39–48.

Gunstone, F. D., Harwood, J. L., and Padley, F. B. (1994). The Lipid Handbook, Second Edition, Chapman & Hall, London.

Hawkins, D. J., and Kridl, J. C. (1998). Characterization of acyl-ACP thioesterases of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) seed and high levels of stearate production in transgenic canola. Plant J. 13, 743–752.

Heath, R. J., and Rock, C. O. (1996). Inhibition of β-keto-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) by acylacyl carrier protein in Escherichia coli.. J. Biol. Chem. 271, 10996–11000.

Heilmann, I., Pidkowich, M. S., Girke, T., and Shanklin, J. (2004). Switching desaturase enzyme specificity by alternate subcellular targeting. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 10266–10271.

Heppard, E. P., Kinney, A. J., Stecca, K. L., and Miao, G.-H. (1996). Developmental and growth temperature regulation of two differential microsomal ω-6 desaturase genes in soybeans. Plant Physiol. 110, 311–319.

Hoang, C. V., and Chapman, K. D. (2002). Biochemical and molecular inhibition of plastidial carbonic anhydrase reduces the incorporation of acetate into lipids in cotton embryos and tobacco cell suspensions and leaves. Plant Physiol. 128, 1417–1427.

Hong, H., Datla, N., Reed, D. W., Covello, P. S., MacKenzie, S. L., and Qiu, X. (2002). High-level production of γ-linolenic acid in Brassica juncea using a Δ6 desaturase from Pythium irregulare. Plant Physiol. 129, 354–362.

Hornung, E., Pernstich, C., and Feussner, I. (2002). Formation of conjugated Δ11 Δ13-double bonds by Δ12-linoleic acid (1,4)-acyl-lipid-desaturase in pomegranate seeds. Eur. J. Biochem. 269, 4852–4859.

Hu, F. B., Manson, J. E., and Willett, W. C. (2001). Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: A critical review. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 20, 5–19.

Huang, A. H. C. (1996). Oleosins and oil bodies in seeds and other organs. Plant Physiol. 110, 1055–1061.

Ichihara, K., Murota, N., and Fujii, S. (1990). Intracellular translocation of phosphatidate phosphatase in maturing safflower seeds: a possible mechanism of feedforward control of triacylglycerol synthesis by fatty acids. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1043, 227–234.

Jain, R. K., Coffey, M., Lai, K., Kumar, A., and MacKenzie, S. L. (2000). Enhancement of seed oil content by expression of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase genes. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 28, 958–961.

Jako, C., Kumar, A., Wei, Y., Zou, J., Barton, D. L., Giblin, E. M., Covello, P. S., and Taylor, D. C. (2001). Seed-specific over-expression of an Arabidopsis cDNA encoding a diacylglycerol acyltransferase enhances seed oil content and seed weight. Plant Physiol. 126, 861–874.

Jandacek, R. J. (1992). Commercial applications of fatty acid derivatives in food. In ‘‘Fatty Acids in Foods and Their Health Implications,’’ (C. K. Chow, ed.), pp. 399–427. Marcel Dekker, New York.

Jones, A., Davies, H. M., and Voelker, T. A. (1995). Palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase and the evolutionary origin of plant acyl-ACP thioesterase. Plant Cell 7, 359–371.

Katavic, V., Mietkiewska, E., Barton, D. L., Giblin, E. M., Reed, D. W., and Taylor, D. C. (2002). Restoring enzyme activity in nonfunctional low erucic acid Brassica napus fatty acid elongase 1 by a single amino acid substitution. Eur. J. Biochem. 269, 5625–5631.

Ke, J., Wen, T.-N., Nikolau, B. J., and Wurtele, E. S. (2000). Coordinate regulation of the nuclear and plastidic genes coding for the subunits of the heteromeric acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase. Plant Physiol. 122, 1057–1071.

Kinney, A. J. (1994). Genetic modification of the storage lipids of plants. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 5, 144–151.

Kinney, A. J. (1996). Development of genetically engineered soybean oils for food applications. J. Food Lipids 3, 273–292.

Knutzon, D. S., Thompson, G. A., Radke, S. E., Johnson, W. B., Knauf, V. C., and Kridl, J. C. (1992). Modification of Brassica seed oil by antisense expression of a stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 2624–2628.

Knutzon, D. S., Thurmond, J. M., Huang, Y. S., Chaudhary, S., Bobid, E. G., Jr., Chan, G. M., Kirchner, S. J., and Mukerji, P. (1998). Identification of Δ5-desaturase from Mortierella alpina by heterologous expression in Baker’s yeast and canola. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 29360–29366.

Knutzon, D. S., Hayes, T. R., Wyrick, A., Xiong, H., Maelor Davies, H., and Voelker, T. A. (1999). Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase from coconut endosperm mediates the insertion of laurate at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols in lauric rapeseed oil and can increase total laurate levels. Plant Physiol. 120, 739–746.

Kozaki, A., Mayumi, K., and Sasaki, Y. (2001). Thiol-disulfide exchange between nuclear-encoded and chloroplast-encoded subunits of pea acetyl-CoA carboxylase. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 39919–39925.

Kubis, S. E., and Rawsthorne, S. (2000). The role of plastidial transporters in developing embryos of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) for fatty acid synthesis. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 28, 665–666.

Kubow, S. (1996). The influence of positional distribution of fatty acids in native, interesterified and structure-specific lipids on lipoprotein metabolism and atherogenesis. J. Nutr. Biochem. 7, 530–541.

Kunst, L., Browse, J., and Somerville, C. (1988). Altered regulation of lipid biosynthesis in a mutant of Arabidopsis deficient in chloroplast glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase activity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85, 4143–4147.

Lardizabal, K. D., Mai, J. T., Wagner, N. W., Wyrick, A., Voelker, T., and Hawkins, D. J. (2001). DGAT2 is a new diacylglycerol acyltransferase gene family. Purification, cloning, and expression in insect cells of two polypeptides from Mortierella ramanniana with diacylglycerol acyltransferase activity. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 38862–38869.

Larson, T. R., Edgell, T., Byrne, J., Dehesh, K., and Graham, I. A. (2002). Acyl CoA profiles of transgenic plants that accumulate medium-chain fatty acids indicate inefficient storage lipid synthesis in developing oilseeds. Plant J. 32, 519–527.

Lassner, M. W., Levering, C. K., Davies, H. M., and Knutzon, D. S. (1995). Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase from meadowfoam mediates insertion of erucic acid at the sn-2 position of triacylglycerol in transgenic rapeseed oil. Plant Physiol. 109, 1389–1394.

Lassner, M. W., Lardizabal, K., and Metz, J. G. (1996). A jojoba β-ketoacyl-CoA synthase cDNA complements the canola fatty acid elongation mutation in transgenic plants. Plant Cell 8, 281–292.

Lee, J. M., Williams, M. E., Tingey, S. V., and Rafalski, J. A. (2002). DNA array profiling of gene expression changes during maize embryo development. Funct. Integr. Genomics 2, 13–27.

Lee, M., Lenman, M., Banas´, A., Bafor, M., Singh, S., Schweizer, M., Nilsson, R., Liljenberg, C., Dahlqvist, A., Gummeson, P.-O., Sjo¨dahl, S., Green, A., et al. (1998). Identification of non-heme diiron proteins that catalyze triple bond and epoxy group formation. Science 280, 915–918.

Leonard, J. M., Knapp, S. J., and Slabaugh, M. B. (1998). A Cuphea β-ketoacyl-ACP synthase shifts the synthesis of fatty acids towards shorter chains in Arabidopsis seeds expressing Cuphea FatB thioesterases. Plant J. 13, 621–628.

Li, Z., Wilson, R. F., Rayford, W. E., and Boerma, H. R. (2002). Molecular mapping genes conditioning reduced palmitic acid content in N87–2122–4 soybean. Crop Sci. 42, 373–378.

Lindqvist, Y., Huang, W., Schneider, G., and Shanklin, J. (1996). Crystal structure of Δ9 stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from castor seed and its relationship to other di-iron proteins. EMBO J. 15, 4081–4092.

Liu, Q., Singh, S. P., and Green, A. G. (2002). High-stearic and high-oleic cottonseed oils produced by hairpin RNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene silencing. Plant Physiol. 129, 1732–1743.

Madoka, Y., Tomizawa, K.-I., Mizoi, J., Nishida, I., Nagano, Y., and Sasaki, Y. (2002). Chloroplast transformation with modified accD operon increases acetyl-CoA carboxylase and causes extension of leaf longevity and increase in seed yield in tobacco. Plant Cell Physiol. 43, 1518–1525.

Manaf, A. M., and Harwood, J. L. (2000). Purification and characterisation of acyl-CoA: Glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase from oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) tissues. Planta 210, 318–328.

Marillia, E.-F., Giblin, E. M., Covello, P. S., and Taylor, D. C. (2002). A desaturase-like protein from white spruce is a Δ9 desaturase. FEBS Lett. 526, 49–52.

Metz, J. G., Roessler, P., Facciotti, D., Levering, C., Dittrich, F., Lassner, M., Valentine, R., Lardizabal, K., Domergue, F., Yamada, A., Yazawa, K., Knauf, V., et al. (2001). Production of polyunsaturated fatty acids by polyketide synthases in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Science 293, 290–293.

Meyer, A., Cirpus, P., Ott, C., Schlecker, R., Za¨hringer, U., and Heinz, E. (2003). Biosynthesis of docosahexaenoic acid in Euglena gracilis: Biochemical and molecular evidence for the involvement of a Δ4-fatty acyl group desaturase. Biochemistry 42, 9779–9788.

Michaelson, L. V., Lazarus, C. M., Griffiths, G., Napier, J. A., and Stobart, A. K. (1998). Isolation of a Δ5-fatty acid desaturase gene from Mortierella alpina. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 19055–19059.

Millar, A. A., and Kunst, L. (1997). Very-long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis is controlled through the expression and specificity of the condensing enzyme. Plant J. 12, 121–131.

Millar, A. A., Wrischer, M., and Kunst, L. (1998). Accumulation of very-long-chain fatty acids in membrane glycerolipids is associated with dramatic alterations in plant morphology. Plant Cell 10, 1889–1902.

Millar, A. A., Clemens, S., Zachgo, S., Giblin, E. M., Taylor, D. C., and Kunst, L. (1999). CUT1, an Arabidopsis gene required for cuticular wax biosynthesis and pollen fertility, encodes a very-longchain fatty acid condensing enzyme. Plant Cell 11, 825–838.

Miquel, M. F., and Browse, J. A. (1994). High-oleate oilseeds fail to develop at low temperature. Plant Physiol. 106, 421–427.

Moire, L., Rezzonico, E., Goepfert, S., and Poirier, Y. (2004). Impact of unusual fatty acid synthesis on futile cycling through β-oxidation and on gene expression in transgenic plants. Plant Physiol. 134, 432–442.

Moon, H., Hazebroek, J., and Hildebrand, D. F. (2000). Changes in fatty acid composition in plant tissues expressing a mammalian Δ9 desaturase. Lipids. 35, 471–479.

Moon, H., Smith, M. A., and Kunst, L. (2001). Acondensing enzyme from the seeds of Lesquerella fendleri that specifically elongates hydroxy fatty acids. Plant Physiol. 127, 1635–1643.

Moreau, R. A., Pollard, M. R., and Stumpf, P. K. (1981). Properties of a Δ5 fatty acyl-CoA desaturase in the cotyledons of developing Limnanthes alba. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 209, 376–384.

Murata, N., and Tasaka, Y. (1997). Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase in plants. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1348, 10–16.

Murphy, D. J. (2001). The biogenesis and functions of lipid bodies in animals, plants and microorganisms. Prog. Lipid Res. 40, 325–438.

Napier, J. A. (2007). The production of unusual fatty acids in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 58, 295–319.

Napier, J. A., Michaelson, L. V., and Sayanova, O. (2003). The role of cytochrome b5 fusion desaturases in the synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids 68, 135–143.

Nikolau, B. J., Ohlrogge, J. B., and Wurtele, E. S. (2003). Plant biotin-containing carboxylases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 414, 211–222.

Norden, A. J., Gorbet, D. W., Knauft, D. A., and Young, C. T. (1987). Variability in oil quality among peanut genotypes on the Florida breeding program. Peanut Sci. 14, 7–11.

Nykiforuk, C. L., Furukawa-Stoffer, T. L., Huff, P. W., Sarna, M., Laroche, A., Moloney, M. M., and Weselake, R. J. (2002). Characterization of cDNAs encoding diacylglycerol acyltransferase from cultures of Brassica napus and sucrose-mediated induction of enzyme biosynthesis. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1580, 95–109.

Oelkers, P., Cromley, D., Padamsee, M., Billheimer, J. T., and Sturley, S. L. (2002). The DGA1 gene determines a second triglyceride synthetic pathway in yeast. J. Biol. Chem. 277, 8877–8881.

Ogas, J., Cheng, J.-C., Sung, Z. R., and Somerville, C. (1997). Cellular differentiation regulated by gibberellin in the Arabidopsis thaliana pickle mutant. i 277, 91–94.

Ogas, J., Kaufmann, S., Henderson, J., and Somerville, C. (1999). PICKLE is a CHD3 chromatinremodeling factor that regulates the transition from embryonic to vegetative development in Arabidopsis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 13839–13844.

O’Hara, P., Slabas, A. R., and Fawcett, T. (2002). Fatty acid and lipid biosynthetic genes are expressed at constant molar ratios but different absolute levels during embryogenesis. Plant Physiol. 129, 310–320.

Parker-Barnes, J. M., Das, T., Bobik, E., Leonard, A. E., Thurmond, J. M., Chaung, L.-T., Huang, Y.-S., and Mukerji, P. (2000). Identification and characterization of an enzyme involved in the elongation of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 8284–8289.

Qi, B., Fraser, T., Mugford, S., Dobson, G., Sayanova, O., Napier, J. A., Stobart, A. K., and Lazarus, C. M. (2004). Production of very long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in plants. Nat. Biotechnol. 22, 739–745.

Qiu, X., Hong, H., and MacKenzie, S. L. (2001a). Identification of a D4 fatty acid desaturase from Thraustochytrium sp. involved in the biosynthesis of docosahexanoic acid by heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Brassica juncea. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 31561–31566.

Qiu, X., Reed, D. W., Hong, H., MacKenzie Rangasamy, S. L., and Covello, P. S. (2001b). Identification and analysis of a gene from Calendula officinalis encoding a fatty acid conjugase. Plant Physiol. 125, 847–855.

Rangasamy, D., and Ratledge, C. (2000). Genetic enhancement of fatty acid synthesis by targeting rat liver ATP: citrate lyase into plastids of tobacco. Plant Physiol. 122, 1231–1238.

Rawsthorne, S. (2002). Carbon flux and fatty acid synthesis in plants. Prog. Lipid Res. 41, 182–196.

Reddy, A. S., and Thomas, T. L. (1996). Expression of a cyanobacterial delta 6-desaturase gene results in gamma-linolenic acid production in transgenic plants. Nat. Biotechnol. 14, 639–642.

Reed, D.W., Savile, C. K., Qiu, X., Buist, P. H., and Covello, P. S. (2002). Mechanism of 1,4-dehydrogenation catalyzed by a fatty acid (1,4)-desaturase of Calendula officinalis. Eur. J. Biochem. 269, 5024–5029.

Rider, S. D., Jr., Henderson, J. T., Jerome, R. E., Edenberg, H. J., Romero-Severson, J., and Ogas, J. (2003). Coordinate repression of regulators of embryonic identity by PICKLE during germination in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 35, 33–43.

Robert, S. S., Singh, S. P., Zhou, X.-R., Petrie, J. R., Blackburn, S. I., Mansour, P. M., Nichols, P. D., Liu, Q., and Green, A. G. (2005). Metabolic engineering of Arabidopsis to produce nutritionally important DHA in seed oil. Funct. Plant Biol. 32, 473–479.

Rodriguez-Sotres, R., and Black, M. (1994). Osmotic potential and abscisic acid regulate triacylglycerol synthesis in developing wheat embryos. Planta 192, 9–15.

Roesler, K., Shintani, D., Savage, L., Boddupalli, S., and Ohlrogge, J. (1997). Targeting of the Arabidopsis homomeric acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase to plastids of rapeseeds. Plant Physiol. 113, 75–81.

Ross, A. J., Fehr, W. R., Welke, G. A., and Cianzio, S. R. (2000). Agronomic and seed traits of 1%-linolenate soybean genotypes. Crop Sci. 40, 383–386.

Ruuska, S. A., Girke, T., Benning, C., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2002). Contrapuntal networks of gene expression during Arabidopsis seed filling. Plant Cell 14, 1191–1206.

Salas, J. J., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2002). Characterization of substrate specificity of plant FatA and FatB acyl-ACP thioesterases. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 403, 25–34.

Sato, S., Xing, A., Ye, X., Schweiger, B., Kinney, A., Graef, G., and Clemente, T. (2004). Production of g-linolenic acid and stearidonic acid in seeds of marker-free transgenic soybean. Crop Sci. 44, 646–652.

Sayanova, O., Smith, M. A., Lapinskas, P., Stobart, A. K., Dobson, G., Christie, W. W., Shewry, P. R., and Napier, J. A. (1997). Expression of a borage desaturase cDNA containing an N-terminal cytochrome b5 domain results in the accumulation of high levels of D6-desaturated fatty acids in transgenic tobacco. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 4211–4216.

Schnebly, S. R., Fehr, W. R., Welke, G. A., Hammond, E. G., and Duvick, D. N. (1994). Inheritance of reduced and elevated palmitate in mutant lines of soybean. Crop Sci. 34, 829–833.

Schnurr, J. A., Shockey, J. M., De Boer, G.-J., and Browse, J. A. (2002). Fatty acid export from the chloroplast. Molecular characterization of a major plastidial acyl-coenzyme A synthetase from Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 129, 1700–1709.

Schultz, D. J., Cahoon, E. B., Shanklin, J., Craig, R., Cox-Foster, D. L., Mumma, R. O., and Medford, J. I. (1996). Expression of a D9 14:0-acyl carrier protein fatty acid desaturase gene is necessary for the production of o5 anacardic acids found in pest-resistant geranium (Pelargonium xhortorum). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 8771–8775.

Schu¨ tt, B. S., Abbadi, A., Loddenko¨ tter, B., Brummel, M., and Spener, F. (2002). b-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase IV: A key enzyme for regulation of medium-chain fatty acid synthesis in Cuphea lanceolata seeds. Planta 215, 847–854.

Schwartzbeck, J. L., Jung, S., Abbott, A. G., Mosley, E., Lewis, S., Pries, G. L., and Powell, G. L. (2001). Endoplasmic oleoyl-PC desaturase references the second double bond. Phytochemistry 57, 643–652.

Schwender, J., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2002). Probing in vivo metabolism by stable isotope labeling of storage lipids and proteins in developing Brassica napus embryos. Plant Physiol. 130, 347–361.

Schwender, J., Ohlrogge, J. B., and Shachar-Hill, Y. (2003). A flux model of glycolysis and the oxidative pentosephosphate pathway in developing Brassica napus embryos. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 29442–29453.

Shanklin, J., and Cahoon, E. B. (1998). Desaturation and related modifications of fatty acids. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 49, 611–641.

Shintani, D. K., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (1995). Feedback inhibition of fatty acid synthesis in tobacco suspension cells. Plant J. 7, 577–587.

Shintani, D., Roesler, K., Shorrosh, B., Savage, L., and Ohlrogge, J. (1997). Antisense expression and overexpression of biotin carboxylase in tobacco leaves. Plant Physiol. 114, 881–886.

Slabas, A. R., White, A., O’Hara, P., and Fawcett, T. (2002). Investigations into the regulation of lipid biosynthesis in Brassica napus using antisense down-regulation. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 30, 1056–1059.

Smith, N. A., Singh, S. P., Wang, M.-B., Stoutjesdijik, P. A., Green, A. G., and Waterhouse, P. M. (2000). Totally silencing by intron-spliced hairpin RNAs. Nature 407, 319–320.

Soldatov, K. I. (1976). ‘‘Chemical mutagenesis in sunflower breeding,’’ Proceedings of the Seventh International Sunflower Association, Krasnodar, U.S.S.R., International Sunflower Association, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands, pp. 352–357.

Sperling, P., Za¨hringer, U., and Heinz, E. (1998). A sphingolipid desaturase from higher plants. Identification of a new cytochrome b5 fusion protein. J. Biol. Chem. 273, 28590–28596.

Sta°hl, U., Carlsson, A. S., Lenman, M., Dahlqvist, A., Huang, B., Banas´, W., Banas´, A., and Stymne, S. (2004). Cloning and functional characterization of a phospholipid: diacylglycerol acyltransferase from Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 135, 1324–1335.

Suh, M. C., Schultz, D. J., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2002). What limits production of unusual monoenoic fatty acids in transgenic plants? Planta 215, 584–595.

Tang, G.-Q., Novitzky, W. P., Griffin, H. C., Huber, S. C., and Dewey, R. E. (2005). Oleate desaturase enzymes of soybean: Evidence of regulation through differential stability and phosphorylation. Plant J. 44, 433–446.

Thelen, J. J., and Ohlrogge, J. B. (2002). Both antisense and sense expression of biotin carboxyl carrier protein isoform 2 inactivates the plastid acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J. 32, 419–431.

Thomaeus, S., Carlsson, A. S., and Stymne, S. (2001). Distribution of fatty acids in polar and neutral lipids during seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana genetically engineered to produce acetylenic, epoxy and hydroxy fatty acids. Plant Sci. 161, 997–1003.

Toke, D. A., and Martin, C. E. (1996). Isolation and characterization of a gene affecting fatty acid elongation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Biol. Chem. 271, 18413–18422.

Uauy, R., Hoffman, D. R., Mena, P., Llanos, A., and Birch, E. E. (2003). Term infant studies of DHA and ARA supplementation on neurodevelopment: Results of randomized controlled trials. J. Pediatr. 143, S17–S25.

United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service (2007). Oilseeds: World Markets and Trade, Circular Series FOP 07–07, July 2007. http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/circulars/oilseeds.pdf van de Loo, F. J., Broun, P., Turner, S., and Somerville, C. (1995). An oleate 12-hydroxylase from Ricinus communis L. is a fatty acyl desaturase homolog. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 6743–6747.

Voelker, T., and Kinney, A. J. (2001). Variations in the biosynthesis of seed-storage lipids. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52, 335–361.

Voelker, T. A., Worrell, A. C., Anderson, L., Bleibaum, J., Fan, C., Hawkins, D. J., Radke, S. E., and Davies, H. M. (1992). Fatty acid biosynthesis redirected to medium chains in transgenic oilseed plants. Science 257, 72–74.

Voelker, T. A., Jones, A., Cranmer, A. M., Davies, H. M., and Knutzon, D. S. (1997). Broad-range and binary-range acyl-acyl-carrier protein thioesterases suggest an alternative mechanism for mediumchain production in seeds. Plant Physiol. 114, 669–677.

Wiberg, E., Edwards, P., Byrne, J., Stymne, S., and Dehesh, K. (2000). The distribution of caprylate, caprate and laurate in lipids from developing and mature seeds of transgenic Brassica napus L. Planta 212, 33–40.

Winter, E., Brummel, M., Schuch, R., and Spener, F. (1997). Decarboxylation of malonyl-(acyl carrier protein) by 3-oxoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) synthases in plant fatty acid biosynthesis. Biochem. J. 321, 313–318.

Wu, G., Truska, M., Datla, N., Vrinten, P., Bauer, J., Zank, T., Cirpus, P., Heinz, E., and Qiu, X. (2005). Stepwise engineering to produce high yields of very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in plants. Nat. Biotechnol. 23, 1013–1017.

Yadav, N. S., Wierzbicki, A., Aegerter, M., Caster, C. S., Pe´rez-Grau, L., Kinney, A. J., Hitz, W. D., Booth, J. R., Jr., Schweiger, B., Stecca, K. L., Allen, S. M., Blackwell, M., et al. (1993). Cloning of higher plant o-3 fatty acid desaturases. i. 103, 467–476.

Yuan, L., Voelker, T. A., and Hawkins, D. J. (1995). Modification of the substrate specificity of an acyl-acyl carrier protein thioesterase by protein engineering. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92, 10639–10643.

Zagnitko, O., Jelenska, J., Tevzadze, G., Haselkorn, R., and Gornicki, P. (2001). An isoleucine/leucine residue in the carboxyltransferase domain of acetyl-CoA carboxylase is critical for interaction with aryloxyphenoxypropionate and cyclohexanedione inhibitors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 6617–6622.

Zank, T. K., Za¨hringer, U., Beckman, C., Pohnert, G., Boland, W., Holtorf, H., Reski, R., Lerchl, J., and Heinz, E. (2002). Cloning and functional characterization of an enzyme involved in the elongation of D6-polyunsaturated fatty acids from the moss Physcomitrella patens. Plant J. 31, 255–268.

Zheng, Z., Xia, Q., Dauk, M., Shen, W., Selvaraj, G., and Zou, J. (2003). Arabidopsis AtGPAT1, a member of the membrane-bound glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase gene family, is essential for tapetum differentiation and male fertility. Plant Cell 15, 1872–1887.

Zou, J., Katavic, V., Giblin, E. M., Barton, D. L., MacKenzie, S. L., Keller, W. A., Hu, X., and Taylor, D. C. (1997). Modification of seed oil content and acyl composition in the Brassicaceae by expression of a yeast sn-2 acyltransferase gene. Plant Cell 9, 909–923.

Zou, J., Wei, Y., Jako, C., Kumar, A., Selvaraj, G., and Taylor, D. C. (1999). The Arabidopsis thaliana TAG1 mutant has a mutation in a diacylglycerol acyltransferase gene. Plant J. 19, 645–653.
 
     
 
 
     



     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer