Adansonia digitata Linn. Malvaceae (Bombacaceae). BAOBAB.
CORK TREE. MONKEYBREAD. SOUR GOURD.
This tree has been found in Senegal and Abyssinia, as well
as on the west coast of Africa, extending to Angola and thence across
the country to Lake Ngami. It is cultivated in many of the warm parts of
the world. Mollien, in his Travels, states that to the negroes, the Baobab
is perhaps the most valuable of vegetables. Its leaves are used for leaven
and its bark for cordage and thread. In Senegal, the negroes use the
pounded bark and the leaves as we do pepper and salt. Hooker says
the leaves are eaten with other food and are considered cooling and
useful in restraining excessive perspiration. The fruit is much used by
the natives of Sierra Leone. It contains a farinaceous pulp full of seeds,
which tastes like gingerbread and has a pleasant acid flavor. Brandis
says it is used for preparing an acid beverage. Monteiro says the leaves
are good to eat boiled as a vegetable and the seeds are, in Angola,
pounded and made into meal for food in times of scarcity; the
substance in which they are imbedded is also edible but strongly and
The earliest description of the Baobab is by Cadamosto, 1454, who
found at the mouth of the Senegal, trunks whose circumference he
estimated at 112 feet. Perrottet says he has seen these trees 32 feet in
diameter and only 70 to 85 feet high.
A. gregorii F. Muell. CREAM OF TARTAR TREE. SOUR GOURD.
The pulp of its fruit has an agreeable, acid taste like
cream of tartar and is peculiarly refreshing in the sultry climates where
the tree is found.
Adenanthera abrosperma F. Muell. Leguminosae.
The seeds are roasted in the coals and the kernels are eaten.
A. pavonia Linn. BARBADOES PRIDE. CORAL PEA. RED
One of the largest trees of tropical eastern Asia.
The seeds are eaten by
the common people. It has been introduced into the West Indies and
various parts of South America.
Adenophora communis Fisch. Campanulaceae.
The root is thick and esculent.
Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn. Polypodiaceae. CAPILLAIRE.
DUDDER GRASS. MAIDENHAIR FERN. VENUS' HAIR.
Northern temperate climates.
In the Isles of Arran, off the Galway coast
of Britain, the inhabitants collect the fronds of this fern, dry them and
use them as a substitute for tea.