Aeginetia indica Linn. Orobanchaceae.
Tropics of Asia.
An annual, leafless, parasitic herb, growing on the roots
of various grasses in India and the Indian Archipelago. Prepared with
sugar and nutmeg, it is there eaten as an antiscorbutic.
Aegle marmelos Correa. Rutaceae. BALL TREE. BELA TREE.
BENGAL QUINCE. GOLDEN APPLE.
The Bengal quince is held in great veneration by the
Hindus. It is sacred to Siva whose worship cannot be accomplished
without its leaves. It is incumbent on all Hindus to cultivate and cherish
this tree and it is sacrilegious to up-root or cut it down. The Hindoo
who expires under a bela tree expects to obtain immediate salvation. 6
The tenacious pulp of the fruit is used in India for sherbet and to form a
conserve. Roxburgh observes that the fruit when ripe is delicious to the
taste and exquisitely fragrant. Horsfield says it is considered by the
Javanese to be very astringent in quality. The Bengal quince is grown in
some of the gardens of Cairo. The perfumed pulp within the ligneous
husk makes excellent marmalade. The orange-like fruit is very
palatable and possesses aperient qualities.
Aegopodium podagraria Linn. Umbelliferae. ASHWEED. BISHOP'SWEED.
GOUTWEED. GROUND ASH. HERB GERARD.
Europe and adjoining Asia.
Lightfoot says the young leaves are eaten in
the spring in Sweden and Switzerland as greens. It is mentioned by
Gerarde. In France it is an inmate of the flower garden, especially a
variety with variegated leaves.
Aerva lanata Juss. Amaranthaceae.
Tropical Africa and Arabia.
According to Grant, this plant is used on
the Upper Nile as a pot-herb.
Aesculus californica Nutt. Sapindaceae. CALIFORNIA HORSECHESTNUT.
A low-spreading tree of the Pacific Coast of the United States.
chestnuts are made into a gruel or soup by the western Indians. The
Indians of California pulverize the nut, extract the bitterness by
washing with water and form the residue into a cake to be used as food.
A. hippocastanum Linn. HORSE-CHESTNUT.
The common horse-chestnut is cultivated for ornament but
never for the purpose of a food supply. It is now known to be a native of
Greece or the Balkan Mountains. Pickering says it was made known in
1557; Brandis, that it was cultivated in Vienna in 1576; and Emerson,
that it was introduced into the gardens of France in 1615 from
Constantinople. John Robinson says that it was known in England
about 1580. It was introduced to northeast America, says Pickering, by
European colonists. The seeds are bitter and in their ordinary condition
inedible but have been used, says Balfour, as a substitute for coffee.
A. indica Coleb.
A lofty tree of the Himalaya Mountains called kunour or
pangla. In times of scarcity, the seeds are used as food, ground and
mixed with flour after steeping in water.
A. parviflora Walt. BUCKEYE.
Southern states of America.
The fruit, according to Browne, may be
eaten boiled or roasted as a chestnut.