Athamanta cervariaefolia DC. Umbelliferae. SPIGNEL.
The root is said to be eaten.
A. cretensis Linn. CANDY CARROT.
An agreeable liquor is made from the seeds.
A. matthioli Wulf.
The plant has an edible root.
Atherosperma moschatum Labill. Monimiaceae
Atherospermataceae. TASMANIAN SASSAFRAS TREE.
Its aromatic bark has been, used as a substitute for tea.
Atriplex halimus Linn. Chenopodiaceae. SEA ORACH.
A plant of the seashores of Europe and the Mediterranean countries
and salines as far as Siberia.
Sea orach is one of the few indigenous
plants of Egypt that affords sustenance to man. It is mentioned by
Antipharues as esculent; by Dioscorides as cooked and eaten; by
Toumefort as eaten in Greece. The men of the Euphrates expedition
often used this species as a culinary vegetable.
A. hortensis Linn. BUTTER LEAVES. MOUNTAIN SPINACH.
Orach has long been used as a kitchen vegetable in
Europe. It was known to the ancient Greeks under the name of
atraphaxis and Dioscorides writes that it was eaten boiled. It was
known to the Romans under the name of atriplex. Orach was
introduced into English gardens in 1548 and was long used, as it still
is, in many countries to correct the acidity and the green color of sorrel.
It is grown in three varieties.
Orach was known to Turner in England in 1538, who calls it areche, or
red oreche. In 1686, Ray mentions the white and red, as mentioned by
Gerarde in 1597. In 1623, Bauhin mentions the red, the white and the
dark green. In 1806, three kinds are named by McMahon as in
Attalea cohune Mart. Palmae. COHUNE PALM.
The tree bears a fruit, about the size of a large egg, growing
in clusters resembling a bunch of grapes. The kernel tastes somewhat
like that of the cocoanut but is far more oleaginous and the oil is
A. compta Mart.
The seed-vessels are eaten as a delicacy.
A. excelsa Mart. URUCURI PALM.
Batesn says the fruit is similar in size and shape to the
date and has a pleasantly flavored, juicy pulp. The Indians did not eat
it but he did, although its wholesomeness was questionable.