Billardiera mutabilis Salisb. Pittosporeae. APPLE-BERRY.
This species is said by Backhouse to have pleasant, subacid
Bixa orellana Linn. Bixaceae. ANNATTO.
This shrub furnishes in the reddish pulp surrounding
the seeds the annatto of commerce, imported from South America and
used extensively for coloring cheese and butter. The culture of this
plant is chiefly carried on in Guadeloupe and Cayenne, where the
product is known as roucou. It is grown also in the Deccan and other
parts of India and the Eastern Archipelago, in the Pacific Islands, Brazil,
Peru, and Zanzibar, as Simmonds writes.