Ceanothus americanus Linn. Rhamnaceae. MOUNTAIN SWEET.
NEW JERSEY TEA. WILD SNOWBALL.
The leaves were used as a substitute for tea during the
Cecropia peltata Linn. Urticaceae. INDIAN SNAKEWOOD.
The young buds are eaten as a potherb.
Cedrela odorata Linn. Meliaceae. BARBADOES CEDAR. CIGARBOX
Smith says, in China the leaves of this tree are eaten in
the spring when quite tender.
Cedronella cana Hook. Labiatae. HOARY BALM OF GILEAD.
This pretty and very fragrant plant is useful for putting in a
Cedrus libani Barrel. Coniferae (Pinaceae). CEDAR OF LEBANON.
Asia Minor, Syria, Afghanistan, Himalayan region and Algeria.
A kind of
manna was anciently collected from this tree.
Celastrus macrocarpus Ruiz & Pav. Celastraceae. STAFF TREE.
It has savory, alimentary buds. The seeds yield an edible oil.
C. scandens Linn. BITTER SWEET. STAFF VINE. WAXWORK.
Northern North America.
The Chippewa Indians use the tender
branches. The plant has a thick bark which is sweetish and palatable
Celosia argentea Linn. Amaranthaceae.
In China, this plant is a troublesome weed in flax
fields but is gathered and consumed as a vegetable. In France, it is
grown in flower gardens.
C. trigyna Linn.
According to Grant, this plant is eaten as a potherb.
Celtis australis Linn. Urticaceae (Ulmaceae). CELTIS. EUROPEAN
NETTLE. HONEYBERRY. LOTE TREE.
Europe, temperate Asia and East Indies.
The European nettle is a
native of Barbary and is grown as a shade tree in the south of France
and Italy. Dr. Hogg considers it to be the lote tree of the ancients, "lotos
to dendron" of Dioscorides and Theophrastus; Sibthorp and
Stackhouse are of the same opinion. The fruit is about the size of a
small cherry, yellow, dark brown or black. The modern Greeks are very
fond of the fruits; they are also eaten in Spain. They are called in Greece
honeyberries and are insipidly sweet. In India, Brandis says a large,
blackish or purple kind is called roku on the Sutlej; a smaller yellow or
orange kind choku.
C. occidentalis Linn. HACKBERRY. NETTLE TREE.
Southern and Western United States.
This celtis is a fine forest tree. The
fruits are sweet and edible.
C. tala Gill.
This is the cranjero or cranxero of the Mexicans. The berries of
this shrub are of the size of small peas, oval, orange-yellow and
somewhat edible though astringent.
Centaurea calcitrapa Linn. Compositae. CALTROPS. STAR
Europe, north Africa and temperate Asia.
The young stems and leaves,
according to Forskal, are eaten raw in Egypt.
C. chamaerhaponticum Ball.
In Algeria, according to Desfontaenes, the root is
edible and not unpleasant to the taste.
C. pygmaea Benth. & Hook. f.
The roots have an agreeable flavor and are
eaten by the Arabs in some parts of Africa.
Centranthus macrosiphon Boiss. Valerianeae. LONG-SPURRED
Valerian is an annual cultivated in gardens for its handsome,
rose-colored flowers and is used as a salad in some countries, notably
in France. It appears to combine all that belongs to corn salad, with a
peculiar slight bitterness which imparts to it a more distinct and
C. ruber DC. FOX'S BRUSH. RED VALERIAN.
Red Valerian is said to be eaten as a salad in southern Italy.
Centrosema macrocarpum Benth. Leguminosae.
The beans are eaten by the Indians, according to
Schomburgk. The leaves, according to A. A. Black, are also eaten,.
Cephalotaxus drupacea Sieb. & Zucc. Coniferae
(Cephalotaxaceae). PLUM-FRUITED YEW.
The female plant bears a stone-fruit closely resembling a plum
in structure. The flesh is thick, juicy and remarkably sweet, with a faint
suggestion of the pine in its flavor.
Ceratonia siliqua Linn. Leguminosae. ALGAROBA BEAN. CAROB
TREE. LOCUST BEAN. ST. JOHN'S BREAD.
This tree is indigenous in Spain and Algeria, the eastern part of the
Mediterranean region, in Syria; and is found in Malta, the Balearic
Islands, in southern Italy, in Turkey, Greece and Grecian Islands, in
Asia Minor, Palestine and the north of Africa.
It was found by Denham
and Clapperton in the Kingdom of Bornu, in the center of Africa. The
pods being filled with a saccharine pulp, are eaten, both green and dry
and were a favorite food with the ancients; there are specimens
preserved in the museum at Naples which were exhumed from a house
in Pompeii. The Egyptians extracted from the husk of the pod a sort of
honey, with which they preserved fruits; in Sicily, a spirit and a sirup
are prepared from them;l in the island of Diu or Standia, the luscious
pulp contained in the pod is eaten by the poor and children and is also
made into a sherbet. These pods are imported into the Punjab as food
for man, horses, pigs and cattle and are imported into England
occasionally as a cattle food. In 1854, seeds of this tree were distributed
from the United States Patent Office.
Ceratostema grandiflorum Ruiz & Pav. Vacciniaceae.
This tall, evergreen shrub produces berries of a
pleasant, acidulous taste.
Cercis canadensis Linn. Leguminosae. JUDAS TREE. REDBUD.
The French Canadians use the flowers in salads and
C. siliquastrum Linn. JUDAS TREE. LOVE TREE.
The pods are gathered and used with other
raw vegetables by the Greeks and Turks in salads, to which they give
an agreeable odor and taste. The flowers are also made into fritters with
batter and the flower-buds are pickled in vinegar.
Cereus (Echinocereus) caespitosus Engelm. & A. Gray.
The fruit, rarely an inch long, is edible, and the fleshy part of the
stem is also eaten by the inhabitants of New Mexico. The fruit is of a
purplish color and very good, resembling a gooseberry. The Mexicans
eat the fleshy part of the stem as a vegetable, first carefully freeing it of
C. (Echinocereus) dasyacanthus Engelm.
Southwestern North America.
The fruit is one to one and one-half
inches in diameter, green or greenish-purple, and when fully ripe is
delicious to eat, much like a gooseberry.
C. (Echinocereus) dubius (enneacanthus) Engelm.
Southwestern North America.
The ripe fruit, one to one and one-half
inches long, green or rarely purplish, is insipid or pleasantly acid.
C. (Echinocereus) engelmanni Parry.
Southwestern North America.
This plant bears a deliciously palatable
C. (Echinocereus) enneacanthus Engelm.
Southwestern North America.
The berry is pleasant to eat.
C. (Echinocereus) fendleri Engelm.
The purplish-green fruit is edible.
C. (Carnegia) giganteus (gigantea) Engelm.
This cactus yields a fruit sweet and delicious. The Indians collect
it in large quantities and make a sirup or conserve from the juice, which
serves them as a luxury as well as for sustenance. The Mexicans call the
tree suwarrow; the Indians, harsee. The sirup manufactured from the
juice is called sistor. Engelmann says the crimson-colored pulp is
sweet, rather insipid and of the consistency of a fresh fig. Hodge, in
Arizona, calls the fruit delicious, having the combined flavor of the
peach, strawberry and fig.
C. (Peniocereus) greggii Engelm.
The plant has a bright scarlet, fleshy, edible berry.
C. (Echinocereus)polyacanthus Engelm.
It bears a berry of a pleasant taste.
C. quisco C. Gay
The sweetish, mucilaginous fruits are available for desserts.
C. (Stenocereus) thurberi Engelm.
This plant grows in the Papago Indian country on the
borders of Arizona and Sonora and attains a height of 18 to 20 feet and
a diameter of four to six inches and bears two crops of fruit a year. The
fruit is, according to Engelmann, three inches through, like a large
orange, of delicious taste, the crimson pulp being dotted with
numerous, black seeds. The seeds, after passing through the digestive
canal, are collected, according to Baegert and Clavigero, and pounded
into a meal used in forming a food. Venegas, in his History of
California, describes the fruit as growing to the boughs, the pulp
resembling that of a fig only more soft and luscious. In some, it is white;
in some red; and in others yellow but always of an exquisite taste; some
again are wholly sweet, others of a grateful acid. This cactus is called
pithaya by the Mexicans and affords a staple sustenance for the Papago
Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. Asclepiadeae.
Roxburgh says, "men eat every part."
C. tuberosa Roxb.
Every part is esculent; the roots are eaten raw.
Cervantesia tomentosa Ruiz & Pav. Santalaceae.
Its seeds are edible.
Cetraria islandica Linn. Lichenes. ICELAND MOSS.
Iceland moss is found in the northern regions of both continents and on
elevated mountains farther south. It serves as food to the people of
Iceland and Lapland; the bitterness is first extracted with water, after
which the plant is pounded up into meal for bread or boiled with milk.3