Cladothrix (Tidestromia) lanuginosa Nutt. Amaranthaceae.
California and Mexico.
According to Schott, the Mexicans use a
decoction of the plant as a tea.
Clausena excavata Burm. f. Rutaceae. WHAMPLE.
East India and Malay Archipelago.
This shrub of China and the
Moluccas is cultivated in the West Indies. The fruit has a good deal the
taste of the grape, accompanied with a peculiar flavor, being very
grateful to the palate. The fruit is borne in clusters, resembling, when
ripe, a diminutive lemon, about the size of an acom. It contains three
large seeds which nearly fill the interior. The scanty pulp has an aniseseed
flavor. Williams says in China it is pleasantly acid and held in
esteem, as it also is in the Indian archipelago. About two bushels are
produced on a tree.
Clavija sp. Myrsineae (Theophrastaceae).
A genus of South American shrubs or small trees.
The fruits are fleshy
and contain numerous seeds embedded in a pulp which is said to be
eatable. They vary in size, but are seldom larger than a pigeon's egg.
Claydonia rangiferina (Linn.) Web. Lichenes. REINDEER MOSS.
Northern regions. Reindeer moss is sometimes eaten by the people of
Norway and is crisp and agreeable. Reindeer moss, says Kalm, grows
plentifully in the woods around Quebec. M. Gaulthier and several other
gentlemen told him that the French, on their long voyages through the
woods, in pursuit of their fur trade with the Indians, sometimes boil
this moss and drink the decoction for want of better food when their
provisions are exhausted.
Claytonia caroliniana Michx. Portulaceae.
Eastern United States.
This plant has edible bulbs much prized by
C. exigua Torr. & Gray.
The succulent leaves are in popular use as a potherb in
C. megarrhiza Parry.
Western North America.
This plant has a long, fleshy taproot but it is
confined to the summits of the Rocky Mountains and is seldom
C. perfoliata Donn. CUBAN SPINACH.
This species, according to Robinson,10 is cultivated in
France as a salad plant. The foliage is used in England, according to
Loudon, as a spinach. De Candolle says it is occasionally cultivated
there. C. perfoliata of Cuba is an annual employed as a spinach in
France in place of purslane. It was first described in 1794 but in 1829
was not named by Noisette for French gardens; in 1855 it was said by
De Candolle to be occasionally cultivated as a vegetable in England. It is
now included by Vilmorin among French vegetables.
C. sibirica Linn. SIBERIAN PURSLANE.
Northern Asia and northwestern North America.
This species is eaten
both raw and cooked by the Indians of Alaska.
C. tuberosa Pall.
Kamchatka and eastern Siberia.
The tubers are edible.
C. virginica Linn. SPRING BEAUTY.
Eastern United States.
This species has edible bulbs, much prized by
Clematis flammula Linn. Ranunculaceae. VIRGIN'S BOWER.
The young shoots, when boiled, may be
Cleome chelidonii Linn. Capparideae. SPIDER-FLOWER.
The seeds are used by the natives as a mustard in their
curries, on account of their pungency.
C. felina Linn. f.
In India, the flowers are used to flavor salads.
C. heptaphylla Linn.
The leaves are eaten.
C. viscosa Linn.
Old World tropics.
This plant has an acrid taste, something like
mustard, and is eaten by the natives among other herbs as a salad. The
seeds, being pungent, are used in curries as a mustard. Its seeds are
eaten as a condiment like mustard. The seeds are used in curries.
Clerodendron serratum Spreng. Verbenaceae.
Tropical India and Burma.
Its flowers and leaves are eaten.
Clethra tinifolia Sw. Ericaceae (Clethraceae). SOAP-WOOD.
SWEET PEPPER. WILD PEAR.
Tropical America, Jamaica and southern Brazil.
In Jamaica the trees
bear a green, roundish berry of which the pulp is sweet, white, mealy
and includes a hard, brownish-black stone. These berries are gathered
and eaten as a pleasant dessert.
Cleyera theoides Choisy. Ternstroemiaceae (Theaceae).
Henfrey says the leaves of this plant furnish a tea in
Clidemia sp.? Melastomaceae. INDIAN CURRANT.
A genus of shrubs the berry of which is fleshy and
C. dependens D. Don.
This shrub furnishes a gooseberry-like fruit of little value.
Cliffortia ilicifolia Linn. Rosaceae. EVERGREEN OAK.
The leaves have been used in Africa as a tea substitute.6
Clinogyne (Marantochloa) dichotoma Salisb. Scitamineae
East Indies and Malays.
The maranta is cultivated in the East Indies for
Clitoria tematea Linn. Leguminosae. BUTTERFLY PEA.
Mountains of Madagascar and Mauritius.
In the Philippines, the pods
are sometimes eaten. In Amboina, the flowers are used to tinge boiled
rice a cerulean color.