Dobera roxburghii Planch. Salvadoraceae.
East Indies and South Africa.
This is a large tree called in Yemen dober;
the fruit is eaten.
Dolichandrone stipulata Benth. & Hook. f. Bignoniaceae.
The flowers, according to Mason, are brought to market for
Dolichos biflorus Linn. Leguminosae. HORSE GRAIN.
Old World tropics.
This is the horse grain of the East Indies. The bean
occurs in white, brown and black. The seeds are boiled in India for the
horses, and the liquor that remains is used by the lower class of
servants in their own food. There are varieties with gray and black
seeds; the natives use the seeds in their curries,
D. hastatus Lour.
This plant is cultivated on the east coast of Africa and the
seeds are eaten by the natives.
D. lablab Linn. BONAVISTA BEAN. HYACINTH BEAN. LABLAB.
Tropics of India and China.
A number of varieties of this bean are
cultivated in Asiatic countries for the pulse and the tender pods. There
is a great diversity in the color of the flowers, size and shape of pod and
color of seeds. Roxburgh describes var. rectum, pods straight, seeds
reddish, flowers white, large; called pauch-seem: Var. falcatum minus,
pods falcate, size of the little finger, flowers white, largish; called
baghonuko-seem: Var. falcatum majus, pods falcate, flowers purple;
called dood-pituli-seem: Var. gladiatum flore albo, pods gladiateclavate,
length of the little finger, flowers white; called sada-jamai-puliseem:
Var. gladiatum flore purpureo, called pituli-jamai-puli-seem: Var.
macrocarpum, the largest of all, pods six to eight inches long, seeds
black with a white eye, flowers red; called gychi-seem.
A great number of synonyms which have been assigned to this species
is indicative of the variable character of the plant. In India, where it is
much cultivated, four eatable varieties which are offered for sale in the
bazaars during the cold season, are thus described by Roxburgh: Var.
albiflorum, the shevei-seem, flowers white, smallish, cultivated in
gardens as a pole bean; the tender pods are eaten, the seeds never; the
plant has a disagreeable smell: Var. rubiflorum, the jeea-seem, flowers
red, cultivated and much esteemed by the natives: Var. purpurascens,
the goordal-seem, a large variety with large, purple flowers: Var.
purpureum, the ruk-to-seem, stem and large flowers purple, the pods
Deep purple. Wight calls the species a very valuable pulse generally
esteemed by all classes of natives and very extensively cultivated in
Mysore. In Jamaica, it is called the bonavista-bean and is cultivated in
most parts of the country. The bean is a wholesome, palatable food and
is in general use. On the east coast of Africa, the leaves are dried and
made into a spinach.
D. sesquipedalis Linn. ASPARAGUS BEAN. YARD-LONG BEAN.
This bean was first described by Linnaeus, 1763. It
reached England in 1781. Linnaeus gives its habitat as America and
Jacquin received it from the West Indies. Martens considers it as a
synonym of Dolichos sinensis Linn. Loureiro's description of D.
sinensis certainly applies well to the asparagus bean, and Loureiro
thinks the D. sesquipedalis of Linnaeus the same. He refers to
Rumphius's Amboina, 1.9, c. 22, tab. 134, as representing his plant,
and this work, published in 1750, antedates the description of
Linnaeus. Probably this is an East Indian plant, introduced into the
The name, asparagus bean, comes from the use of the green pods as a
vegetable, and a tender, asparagus-like dish it is. The name at Naples,
fagiolo e maccarone, conveys the same idea. The pods grow very long,
oftentimes two feet in length, hence the name, yard-long bean, often
used. The asparagus, or yard-long, bean is mentioned for American
gardens in 1828 and probably was introduced earlier. It is mentioned
for French gardens under the name of haricot asperge in 1829. There
are no varieties known to our seedsmen, but Vilmorin offers one, the
Dolique de Cuba.
D. sphaerospermus DC. BLACK-EYED PEA.
This is the black-eyed pea of the Barbados. It is a native of
Jamaica, and the seeds are sweet and as good for food as any of the
D. umbellatus Thunb.
The seeds and pods are used in the preparation of a starch and
meal. There are several varieties of this plant under culture; some of
them are pole beans, others dwarf.
Doryanthes excelsa Correa. Amaryllideae. GIANT LILY.
A liliaceous plant 24 feet high of which the stem is roasted
and eaten by the Australians.
Dovyalis (Doryalis) zizyphoides E. Mey. Bixineae
The red berries are edible.