Ephedra distachya Linn. Gnetaceae (Ephedraceae). SEA GRAPE.
China and south Russia.
The fruit is eaten by the Russian peasants
and by the wandering hordes of Great Tartary. The fruit is eaten by the
Chinese and is mucilaginous, with a slightly acid or pungent flavor. The
fruit is ovoid, succulent, sweet, pale or bright red when ripe. It is eaten
in some places, as on the Sutlej.
Epilobium angustifolium Linn. Onagraceae. FIREWEED.
In England, says Johnson, the leaves are much used
for the adulteration of tea. The leaves form a wholesome vegetable when
boiled, and the young shoots make a good substitute for asparagus.
The people of Kamchatka, says Lightfoot, eat the young shoots which
creep under the ground and they brew a sort of ale from the dried pith.
Richardson says the young leaves, under the name of l'herbe fret, are
used by the Canadian voyagers as a potherb.
E. latifolium Linn.
Northern and arctic regions.
This species furnishes a vegetable of poor
quality for northern Asia and Iceland.
E. tetragonum Linn. SQUARE-STEMMED WILLOW-HERB.
This plant is used as a vegetable in Iceland and northern Asia.