Gymnema lactiferum R. Br. Asclepiadeae. COW PLANT.
East Indies and Malay.
This is the cow plant of Ceylon, where it is said
to yield a mild and copious milk.
Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. Leguminosae. CHICOT.
KENTUCKY COFFEE-TREE. NICKER-TREE. STUMP TREE.
This tree, which occurs in the northern United States
and in Canada, is often cultivated for ornamental purposes. The pods,
preserved like those of the tamarind, are said to be wholesome and
slightly aperient. The seeds were employed by the early settlers of
Kentucky as a substitute for coffee.
Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC. Capparideae (Cleomaceae).
This plant is a well-known esculent in the Upper
Nile and throughout equatorial Africa as far as the Congo. In India, the
leaves are eaten by the natives, and the seeds are used as a substitute
for mustard and yield a good oil. In Jamaica, it is considered a
wholesome plant but, from its being a little bitterish, requires repeated
boilings to make it palatable.
Gynura sarmentosa DC. Compositae.
In China, the leaves are employed as food.
Gyrophora muhlenbergii Ach. Lichenes. ROCK TRIPE.
Franklin says, when boiled with fish-roe or other animal
matter, this lichen is agreeable and nutritious and is eaten by the
G. vellea Linn. Ach. ROCK TRIPE.
This lichen forms a pleasanter food than the other species
of this genus.