Michelia champaca Linn. Magnoliaceac. CHAMPACA. FRAGRANT
The fruit is said to be edible, and in India the tree is cultivated
for the exquisite perfume of the flowers.
Micromeria (Satureia) Juliana Benth. Labiatae. SAVORY.
East Mediterranean region.
This savory is mentioned by Gerarde, 1597,
as sown in gardens. It is a native of the Mediterranean countries, called
in Greece, ussopo, in Egypt, pesalem. It has disappeared from our seed
M. obovata Benth.
West Indies and introduced in Britain in 1783.
The species has two
varieties. It was recorded by Burr, 1863, as in American gardens but
as little used. It is said to be much used for seasoning in its native
country. It is now recorded as in cultivation in Europe.
Microseris forsteri Hook. f. Compositae.
Australia and New Zealand.
This is the native scorzonera of tropical
Australia and New Zealand. The root is used as a food by the
aborigines. The roots are roasted by the natives and eaten. They have
an agreeable taste.
This plant furnishes a small, succulent, and almost transparent root,
full of a bitterish, milky juice. The root is eaten raw by the Nez Perce
Milium nigricans Ruiz & Pav. Gramineae.
A drink called ullpu is obtained from the farina of the seeds.
Millettia atropurpurea Benth. Leguminosae.
A tree of Burma and Malay.
The tender leaves are said to be eaten.
Mimusops elata Allem. Sapotaceae. COW TREE.
To this species is referred the massaranduba, or cow tree, of the
Amazon. Wallace says of it that the fruit is eatable and very good. It is
the size of a small apple and full of a rich milk which exudes in
abundance when the bark is cut. The milk has about the consistency of
thick cream and, but for a very slight, peculiar taste, could scarcely be
distinguished from the genuine product of the cow. Bates says the fruit
is eaten in Para, where it is sold in the streets. The milk is pleasant with
coffee but has a slight rankness when drunk pure; it soon thickens to a
glue which is excessively tenacious. He was told that it was not safe to
drink much of it. Herndon probably refers to this tree when he says he
obtained from the Indians the milk of the cow tree, which they drink
fresh, and, when brought to him in a calabash, had a foamy
appearance as if just drawn from the cow and looked very rich and
tempting. It, however, coagulates very soon and becomes as hard and
tenacious as glue.
M. elengi Linn. MEDLAR.
East Indies and Malay.
This plant is cultivated on account of its
fragrant, star-shaped flowers, which are used in garlands. The small,
ovoid, one-seeded berry, yellow when ripe, about an inch long, is eaten,
and oil is expressed from the seeds. Dutt says the fruits are sweetish
and edible when ripe.
M. hexandra Roxb.
East Indies and south India.
This plant is commonly cultivated near
villages. In Java, it is cultivated for its fruits which are eaten.
M. kauki Linn.
Burma, Malay and Australia.
This tree is found in gardens in Java. The
fruit is edible. Dr. Hooker states that this tree is cultivated in China,
Manila and Malabar for its esculent, agreeably acid fruit. It is the
khirnee of India.
M. kummel Bruce.
This is the M'nyemvee of interior Africa, a lofty tree whose
one-stoned, dry, orange-yellow or reddish fruit is sweet in taste.
M. manilkara G. Don.
Malabar and the Philippines.
This species is cultivated for its fruit,
which is of the form and size of an olive and is succulent; the pulp is of
a sweetish-acid flavor and contains but one or two seeds.
M. sieberi A. DC. NASEBERRY.
North America and West Indies.
The fruit is delicious and highly
Mitchella repens Linn. Rubiaceae. PARTRIDGE-BERRY. SQUAWVINE.
North America and Japan.
The insipid, red fruits are eaten by children.