Plantago coronopus Linn. Plantagineae. BUCKSHORN PLANTAIN.
Mediterranean countries and Middle Europe.
The leaves are used in
France as a salad. This species is mentioned as grown in gardens by
Camerarius, 1586, and by many of the other botanists of the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries; it is described by Ray in 1686 as cultivated
in England and as not differing from the wild plant except in size and in
the other accidents of culture. Townsend, 1726, says the seed is, now
in all the Seedsmen's Bills, tho' it is seldom in the Gardens. It is
described and figured by Vilmorin among French vegetables. During
the three hundred years in which we find it pictured, we see no evidence
of any essential changes produced by cultivation.
P. major Linn. CART-TRACK PLANT. PLANTAIN.
Europe, Asia and North America.
In China, this plant was formerly
eaten as a potherb.
P. maritima Linn. SEASIDE PLANTAIN.
Shores of Europe and of the United States from New Jersey northward.
Kalm says the French boil its leaves in a broth on their sea voyages, or
eat them as a salad. It may likewise be pickled like samphire.
Platonia insignis Mart. Guittiferae.
The fruit, called pacoury-uva in Brazil, is said to be very sweet
and delicious, whilst the seeds have the flavor of almonds.
Platycrater arguta Sieb. & Zucc. Saxifrageae (Hydrangeaceae).
In Japan, the leaves are used as a tea substitute.
Plectranthus tematus Sims. Labiatae.
Comoro Islands and Madagascar.
This perennial plant was carried to
the Mauritius and is there cultivated as a potherb. It is called in
Plectronia (Canthium) parvifolia Benth. & Hook. f. Rubiaceae.
Burma and Malay.
The leaves of this thorny shrub are largely
consumed by the natives in their curries. The pulp enclosing the seeds
is eaten by the natives but, to the European taste, is not very palatable.
In India, says Ainslie, the fruit is eaten by the natives, and the leaves are
also used as food, being put in curries as seasoners.
Plegerina odorata Arruda. (Chrysobalanaceae)
This plant produces an oval or oblong drupe, very little smaller
than an egg, yellow at ripening, the kernel of which is covered with a
sweet, aromatic and nutritious pulp.
P. rufa Arruda.
The fruit is an irregular drupe, of which the kernel is covered
with a sweet fecula, somewhat aromatic, pleasant and nutritive. It is
large enough to satisfy one person. It is sold in the markets of Brazil
and by some inhabitants it is now cultivated.
P. umbrosissima Arruda.
The sweet fruit is sold in the markets of Pemambuco.
Plukenetia comiculata Sm. Euphorbiaceae.
East Indies and Malay.
The leaves are said to be eaten as a vegetable.