Robinia flava Lour. Leguminosae.
The taste of the root is sweetish and mucilaginous and
would seem to justify, says Smith, its consumption as a food in times of
scarcity, as mentioned for China in the Pen Ts'au.
R. pseud-acacia Linn. FALSE ACACIA. LOCUST.
South Pennsylvania, southward along the mountains and naturalized
in some other places. Yellow locust is commonly cultivated as an
ornamental tree. The seeds, upon pressure, yield a large quantity of oil.
They are quite acid but lose this quality upon boiling; they furnish a
pleasant, nutritious article of food, much esteemed by the aborigines.
Rollinia sieberi A. DC. Anonaceae. SUGAR APPLE.
This is one of the fruit trees cultivated in the Public Gardens of
Jamaica. It is also cultivated in the Moluccas. The flesh of the fruit is
very soft and of an unpleasant taste.
R. sylvatica Warm.
The plant is called araticu do mato and its fruit is good to eat.
Rosa acicularis Lindl. Rosaceae.
Northern Asia and North America.
In the Amur country, a much larger
and better fruit than that of R. canina is afforded by this species.
R. canina Linn. BRIER ROSE. DOG-BRIER.
Europe and temperate Asia.
The fruits of this wild rose have a scanty,
orange, acid, edible pulp and were collected in ancient times in Europe
when garden fruits were few and scarce. Galen mentions them as
gathered by country people in his day, as they still are in Europe.
Gerarde remarks that "the fruit when it is ripe makes most pleasant
meats and banqueting dishes, as tarts and such like." Lightfoot says the
pulp of the fruit separated from the seeds and mixed with wine and
sugar, makes a jelly much esteemed in some countries. Johnson says
the leaves have been used as a tea substitute.
R. centifolia Linn. CABBAGE ROSE.
In China, the blossoms are used for scenting tea.
R. cinnamomea Linn. CINNAMON ROSE.
North temperate zone.
The berries, or seed capsules, are eaten, says
Dall, by the Alaska Indians. They are sweet and juicy. The fruit is eaten
by the Kamchatkians.
R. fraxinellaefolia Andr. ASH-LEAVED ROSE.
The haws are eaten by the Indians of the Cascade
Mountains and by the Nez Perces. R. Brown says the tender shoots in
the spring are eaten by the Indians.
R. macrophylla Lindl.
Himalayan region and China.
In, India, Brandis says the fruit is eaten.
R. nutkana Presl.
Northern Pacific coast to the Rocky Mountains.
The fruit is juicy,
pleasantly acidulous and is an excellent antiscorbutic for the Alaska
R. rubiginosa Linn. EGLANTINE. SWEETBRIAR.
Europe and Caucasus.
Berries of this species are collected and sold in
R. rugosa Thunb. TURKESTAN ROSE.
This rose is called mau, or in Japanese humanasi, and
the fruit is generally eaten by the Ainos.
R. semperflorens Curt. MONTHLY ROSE. RED CHINA ROSE.
The Chinese serve the flowers of this rose dressed whole, as a
R. spinosissima Linn. BURNET ROSE.
Europe and Asia Minor.
The deep purple fruit of this rose, so abundant
on sandy shores in Britain, is very sweet and pleasant to the taste.
R. villosa Linn.
Europe and Asia.
The fruit has a pleasant, acid pulp, which is
sometimes served at dessert in the form of conserves or sweetmeats.
Rosmarinus cfficinalis Linn. Labiatae. ROSEMARY.
West Mediterranean countries and grown in gardens for its use in
flavoring meats and soups. This aromatic herb had many virtues
ascribed to it by Pliny and is also mentioned by Dioscorides and Galen.
Rosemary was also familiar to the Arab physicians of Spain in the
thirteenth century and is mentioned in an Anglo-Saxon herbal of the
eleventh century. The first notice of its use as a condiment is by
Lignamine, 1475, who describes rosemary as the usual condiment with
salted meats. In 1783, rosemary is described by Bryant as so common
in gardens as to be known to every one. It finds mention in nearly all
the earlier botanies. In 1778, Mawe names four varieties: Common
Narrow-leaved, Broad-leaved, the Silver-striped and Gold-stripedleaved.
It was in American gardens in 1806 or earlier.
Roupellia grata Wall. & Hook. Apocynaceae. CREAM-FRUIT.
In Sierra Leone, this plant affords a delicious fruit,
according to Henfrey.