Stachys affinis Fresen. Labiatae. CHINESE ARTICHOKE. KNOT
Egypt and Arabia.
This plant was introduced into cultivation by
Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie. in 1886. The roots are thick and fleshy and
are useful for pickles and may be used fried. According to
Bretschneider, the roots were eaten as a vegetable in China in the
fourteenth and sixteenth centuries and are described as a cultivated
vegetable by Chinese writings of 1640 and 1742. The species is a
cultivated vegetable in Japan and is called choro-gi, and is esteemed.
S. heraclea All.
Archer says the leaves and stems, shown at the
International Exhibition of 1862 as a tea substitute, are used by the
modern Greeks and are believed to be the sideritis of the ancients.
S. palustris Linn. ALL-HEAL. WOUNDWORT.
Lightfoot says the roots have been eaten in times of
necessity, either boiled or dried and made into bread. Henfrey says the
fleshy, subterranean rhizomes are sometimes collected as a table
vegetable. Loudon says these, when grown on rich moist soil, are white,
crisp and agreeable to the taste. Johnson says the young shoots,
though of agreeable taste, are of disagreeable smell but may be eaten as
Stachytarpheta indica Vahl. Verbenaceae.
The leaves are sold as Brazilian tea, which Lindley says is a
rather poor article.
Staphylea pinnata Linn. Sapindaceae (Staphylaceae).
EUROPEAN BLADDER NUT.
Europe; cultivated in shrubberies.
Haller says the kernels of the fruit
taste like those of pistachios and are eaten in Germany by children.
S. trifolia Linn. AMERICAN BLADDER NUT.
Eastern North America.
The seeds contain a sweet oil; they are
sometimes eaten like pistachios.
Stauntonia hexaphylla Decne. Berberideae
The Japanese eat its roundish, watery berries and use their
juice as a remedy for opthalmia.
Stellaria media Cyrill. Caryophylleae. CHICKWEED. STARWORT.
This plant is found in every garden as a weed. It
forms when boiled, says Johnson, an excellent green vegetable, much
resembling spinach in flavor and is very wholesome.
Stemona tuberosa Lour. Roxburghiaceae (Stemonaceae).
The thick, tuberous roots, after a previous preparation
with lime-water, are candied with sugar in India and are taken with tea
but are said to be insipid.
Sterculia alata Roxb. Sterculiaceae. BUDDHA'S COCOANUT.
The winged seeds of its large fruit are eaten.
S. balanghas Linn.
Tropical eastern Asia.
The seeds, when roasted, are nearly as palatable
as chestnuts. Rumphius says the seeds are considered esculent by the
inhabitants of Amboina, who roast them. Unger says the nuts are eaten
by the natives of the South Sea Islands generally.
S. carthaginensis Cav.
The seeds are called chica by the Brazilians and
panama by the Panamanians and are commonly eaten by the
inhabitants as nuts.
S. chicha A. St. Hil. CHICA.
The inhabitants of Goyaz eat the almonds, which are of an
S. diversifolia G. Don. BOTTLE TREE.
A tree of tropical Australia.
The seeds are eaten and the taproots are
used, when young, as an article of food by the natives.
S. foetida Linn.
Old World tropics.
Rheede says its fruit is edible. Graham says, at
Bombay, the seeds are roasted and eaten like chestnuts. Mason says, in
Burma, its seeds are eaten like filberts. Blanco says its seeds are eaten
in the Philippines.
S. guttata Roxb.
The seeds are eaten by the natives of Bombay.
S. rupestris Benth. BOTTLE TREE.
The trunk of this tree bulges out in the form of
a barrel. The stem abounds in a mucilaginous or resinous substance
resembling gum tragacanth, which is wholesome and nutritious and is
said to be used as an article of food by the aborigines in cases of
S. scaphigera Wall.
Burma and Malay.
The seeds when macerated in water swell into a
large, gelatinous mass. This jelly is valued by the Siamese and Chinese,
who sweeten it and use it as a delicacy.
S. tomentosa Guill. & Perr.
The seeds are eaten in famines.
S. urens Roxb.
The seeds are roasted and eaten by Gonds and Kurkurs in
Central India, according to Brandis. The plant yields a gum like gum
tragacanth, and the seeds, according to Drury,1are roasted and eaten
and also made into a kind of coffee.
Stereospermum zylocarpum Benth. & Hook. f. Bignoniaceae.
Its tender pods are eaten.
Sticta pulmonaria (Linn.) Schaer. Lichenes. LUNG LICHEN.
This lichen, found growing on the ground in woods,
is used as a substitute for Iceland moss.
Stilbocarpa polaris A. Gray. Araliaceae.
This is an herbaceous plant with long roots, which are
saccharine and have served ship-wrecked people for a lengthened
period as sustenance.
Strelitzia reginae Ait. Scitamineae (Strelitziaceae). BIRD OF
The seeds are gathered and eaten by the Kaffirs.
Strychnos innocua Delile. Loganiaceae.
The pulp of the fruit is eaten by the natives of Egypt and
S. nux-vomica Linn. NUX-VOMICA TREE. STRYCHNINE.
Tropical India and Burma.
Mason says in Burma the pulp of the fruit is
a favorite repast with children.
S. potatorum Linn. f. CLEARING NUT. WATER-FILTER NUT.
The fruit, when very young, is made into a preserve and
eaten. The pulp of the fruit is edible and the ripe seeds are dried and
sold in the bazaars to clear muddy water.
S. pseudo-quina A. St. Hil. COPALCHI.
The pulpy portion of the fruit is eaten by the natives.
S. spinosa Lam.
The fruit, according to Flacourt, is as large as a quince,
with a gourd-like shell full of large, flat seeds; the juice and watery pulp
are agreeable when ripe. The pulp of the fruit is commonly eaten by the
natives wherever it grows; it is somewhat acid and is said to be
S. tieute Lesch.
The bark of its root yields one of the most dangerous poisons
known, called tshettik or tjettik or upas radja The pulp of the fruit is
said to be edible.
Styrax benzoin Dryand. Styracaceae. BENZOIN. STORAX.
This plant furnishes gum benzoin, used for flavoring by
chocolate manufacturers. That from Siam is preferred.