Telfairia occidentalis Hook. f. Cucurbitaceae.
The plant is cultivated for its seeds, which the natives
boil and eat.
T. pedata Hook.
The plant is a climber, the stems of which often attain
the length of a hundred feet. The fruit attains a weight of 60 pounds
and contains at times as many as 500 seeds. These seeds, when boiled,
are eatable and a large quantity of oil can be expressed from them.
Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn. Combretaceae.
In India, a decoction of the bark with milk is given as a
nourishment. It is considered tonic, astringent and cooling.
T. bellerica Roxb.
Tropical India and Burma.
The kernels of the fruit are eaten.
T. catappa Linn. INDIAN ALMOND.
Tropical eastern Asia.
This plant is cultivated in gardens in India and in
south Florida. The kernel of the drupe has the taste and virtues of the
almond, though, says Ainslie, perhaps the flavor is more that of the
English filbert. The drupe is nearly three inches long, egg-shaped,
grooved, and contains but one kernel, which is considered a nourishing
food for weak people and from which a pleasant, edible oil is prepared.
Firminger says, beyond comparison, this is the most delicious fruit of
any kind the country affords.
T. citrina Roxb. CITRON MYROBALAN. HARANUT.
This plant is ranked amongst the fruits of India. It is about
the size of a French plum and is often made into a pickle.
T. glabrata Forst. f.
Friendly and Society Islands.
The kernels of the fruit are eaten and have
the flavor of almonds.
T. latifolia Sw.
The kernels are eaten and have the flavor of almonds.
T. litoralis Seem.
The seeds are sometimes eaten by children in Viti.
T. mauritiana Lam. FALSE BENZOIN.
Mauritius and Bourbon. The kernels of the fruit are eaten.
T. pamea DC.
The tree is cultivated on the Isle of France and elsewhere. The
almond-like kernels are good to eat and are served on the better tables
of the country.
T. platyphylla F. Muell.
The fruit is oblong, pointed, blue when ripe, and is eaten raw.
Testudinaria (Dioscorea) elephantipes Salisb. Dioscoreaceae.
ELEPHANT'S FOOT. HOTTENTOT BREAD.
This plant bears a bulb entirely above ground, which
grows to an enormous size, frequently three feet in height and diameter.
It is closely studded with angular, ligneous protuberances, which give it
some resemblance to the shell of a tortoise. The inside is a fleshy
substance, which may be compared to a turnip, both in substance and
color. The taste is thought to resemble that of the yam of the East
Tetracera ainifolia Willd. Dilleniaceae. WATER TREE.
The climbing stems of this tree yield a good supply of
clear water when cut across.
Tetragonia expansa Murr. Ficoideae (Tetragoniaceae). NEW
New Zealand and Australia.
This plant was first found by Sir Joseph
Banks, in 1770, at Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand, and its merits
were discovered by the sailors of Captain Cook's expedition around the
world. It reached Kew Gardens in 1772. This spinach also occurs in
Australia, both on the coast and in the desert interior, in New
Caledonia, China, Japan and Chile. Don says three varieties are found
in Chile: one with smooth leaves, one with leaves hoary beneath and a
third small and glabrous. The plant was cultivated as a spinach plant
in England in 1821 or earlier. It was in use in France in 1824 or earlier.
In the United States, its seed was distributed among members of the
New York Horticultural Society in 1827 and in 1828 it appeared in
seed catalogs. St. Hilaire records its use as a spinach in south Brazil,
and Bojer records it in the Mauritius. The plant is used as a spinach in
Tongatabu but not in New Zealand.
T. implexicoma Hook. f. AUSTRALIAN SPINACH. ICE PLANT.
Extra-tropic Australia, New Zealand and Chatham Island.
As a spinach
plant, this species is as valuable as T. expansa.
Tetramicra bicolor Rolfe. Orchideae.
The fragrant fruit of this orchid has the odor of the Tonquin
bean. It is sweeter than vanilla and is less penetrating.
Teucrium scorodonia Linn. Labiatae. WOOD GERMANDER.
This is an extremely bitter plant with the smell and taste of
hops and is said to be substituted for hops in ale in the Island of