Tsuga canadensis Carr. Coniferae (Pinaceae). HEMLOCK.
The Indians of Maine prepare a tea from the leaves of
hemlock and this tea is relished as a drink. The spray is also used in
New England and elsewhere to a limited extent in the domestic
manufacture of spruce beer. According to McKenzie, the aborigines of
the West employ the inner bark as a food; it is taken off early in the
spring and made into cakes, which are eaten with salmon oil and are
considered dainties. Langsdorff speaks of the Thiinkets at Sitka eating
cakes made of bark of spruce fir, mixed with roots, berries and train oil.