Xylopia aethiopica A. Rich. Anonaceae. ETHIOPIAN PEPPER.
GUINEA PEPPER. NEGRO PEPPER.
A tall shrub whose fruit, consisting of a number of
smooth, pod-like carpels about the thickness of a quill and two inches
long, is dried and used instead of pepper. The seeds have an aromatic,
pungent taste and were formerly sold in English shops under the name
of Ethiopian pepper, Guinea pepper and Negro pepper.
X. frutescens Aubl.
The seeds have an acrid, aromatic taste and are used
by the negroes in Guiana instead of pepper.
X. glabra Linn. BITTERWOOD.
The wood, bark and berries have an agreeable, bitter taste,
not unlike that of the orange seed. Freshly gathered from the tree, the
berries are agreeable to the palate and grateful to the stomach.
X. sericea A. St. Hil.
Arruda says the capsules have the taste and pungency of black
pepper and are used by many as a spice in cooking and by some are
preferred even to pepper. The fruit, says St. Hilaire, has the odor and
taste of pepper but is not as strong. It can be employed as a spice.
X. undulata Beauv.
It also furnishes a similar spice.
Xysmalobium heudelotianum Decne. Asclepiadeae
The plant has a watery, turnip-shaped root, called
yakhop by the negroes, by whom it is eaten.