Zaiacca affinis Griff. Palmae.
This palm is found in Malacca and is called by the natives salak
batool. The fruit is edible.
Z. conferta Griff.
Malay and Sumatra.
The fruit is large, deep brown and hangs
sometimes quite down in the mud in deeply clustered branches, almost
hidden by the half-decayed bracts. The pulp surrounding the seeds is
intensively acid and is much used by the Malays as a condiment.
Z. edulis Blume.
Burma and Malay.
The fruit is much sought after by the Burmese on
account of the fleshy and juicy covering of the seeds, which has a
pleasantly acid and refreshing taste. The fruit is eaten. It is about the
size of a walnut and is covered with scales like those of a lizard; below
the scales are two or three sweet, yellow kernels, which the Malays eat.
A preserve is also made of the fruit.
Zamia chigua Seem. Cycadaceae (Zamiaceae).
The seeds are boiled and reduced to a mash which is
served with milk and sugar. Bread is also made from them.
Z. furfuracea Ait. SAGO CYCAD.
This plant yields a sago which is much used in Jamaica.
Z. integrifolia Ait. SAGO CYCAD.
West Indies and Florida.
This cycad furnishes the Seminole Indians
with their white meal. An arrowroot has been prepared from it at St.
Augustine. It is now cultivated to a limited extent.
Z. pumila Linn.
The plant furnishes a kind of arrowroot.
Z. tenuis Willd.
The plant yields from its trunk a pure starch, used as
a fine arrowroot in the Bahamas.
Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb. Rutaceae.
Himalayas and China.
This is a small tree, the fruits of which are used
in China as well as in India as a condiment. Its aromatic capsules are
used as a condiment in India.
Z. budrunga Wall.
Himalayas and Burma.
The capsules are used for their warm, spicy,
Z. piperitum DC.
China and Japan.
The bark, leaves and fruits are used as a spice.
Z. rhetsa DC.
The unripe capsules are like small berries and are
gratefully aromatic, tasting like the peel of a fresh orange. The seeds are
used as a condiment in Malabar. On the Coromandel Mountains, its
aromatic bark is put in food as a condiment, and its seeds are used as a