Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: Introduction to Botany » Other Algae
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Xanthophyta: The Yellow-green Algae

 
     
 
Content
Other Algae
  Xanthophyta: The Yellow-green Algae
  Euglenophyta
  Chrysophyta
  Pyrrophyta
  Acetabularia: A Green Alga

The pigments in Xanthophyta are chlorophyll a, possibly chlorophyll e (although there is some uncertainty related to a suspicion that its presence may be connected to limitations in extraction methods), and an abundance of carotenoid pigments. Motile cells have two unequal flagella: a tinsel-type flagellum that extends anteriorly and a whiplash flagellum that trails posteriorly. There are approximately 400 species.

The life cycle of Vaucheria is detailed as an example of this phyla. Vuucheriu is a coenocytic form. In asexual reproduction, a large multinucleated zoospore is produced in a terminal sporangium. In forming the sporangium, a cross wall develops at the base of the sporangium, thereby separating the sporangium from the rest of the cytoplasm. When the zoospore is ready to be released, a hole develops at the apical end of the sporangium.
exual reproduction in Vaucheria. (a) An egg cell in the oogonium; cells; (d) sperm cells emerging from the antheridium (e) and (f) the zygote and growth of a new filament.
Figure 16-2 Sexual reproduction in Vaucheria. (a) An egg
cell in the oogonium; (b) antheridium; (c) maturing sperm
cells; (d) sperm cells emerging from the antheridium;
(e) and (f) the zygote and growth of a new filament.
The zoospore then emerges and can grow into a new filament.
Asexual reproduction in Vaucheria. (a) The multinucleated filament. (b) A terminal sporangiumf orms and a cross wall develops at the sporangium’s base. opening. (d) Zoospore at rest,( e), and producing a new filament, (f)
Figure 16-1 Asexual reproduction in Vaucheria. (a) The
multinucleatedfilament. (b) A terminal sporangiumf orms
and a cross wall develops at the sporangium’s base. (c) A
single, multiciliated zoospore emerges through an
opening. (d) Zoospore at rest,( e), and producing a new
filament, (f).

In sexual reproduction, both antheridiaan d oogonia are formed. In some forms, this happens on different filaments, in other forms, on the same filament. Vaucheria is distinctly oogamous. Figure 16-2 shows an oogonium arising from the filament. The oogonium is at first multinucleated, but in maturity (after a wall forms to separate it from the remainder of the cytoplasm), it contains a single, uninucleated egg. Nearby is an antheridium, in which a largen umber of biflagellated sperm cells form. When the sperm cells emerge, one of them may enter a pore in the oogonium and fuse with the egg cell. It is interesting to note that in this coenocytic filament where many nuclei reside, some of the nuclei travel up into oogonia and, in time, develop into female gametes, while some others from very nearby migrate into the antheridium, where they adopt the role of sperm cells.

 
     
 
 
     



     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer