Genotypic Differences in Accumulation


Historical Information
  Determination of Essentiality
Function in Plants
  Metabolic Processes
  Fruit Yield and Quality
Diagnosis of Magnesium Status in Plants
  Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess
    - Symptoms of Deficiency
    - Symptoms of Excess
  Environmental Causes of Deficiency Symptoms
  Nutrient Imbalances and Symptoms of Deficiency
    - Potassium and Magnesium
    - Calcium and Magnesium
    - Nitrogen and Magnesium
    - Sodium and Magnesium
    - Iron and Magnesium
    - Manganese and Magnesium
    - Zinc and Magnesium
    - Phosphorus and Magnesium
    - Copper and Magnesium
    - Chloride and Magnesium
    - Aluminum and Magnesium
  Phenotypic Differences in Accumulation
  Genotypic Differences in Accumulation
Concentrations of Magnesium in Plants
  Magnesium Constituents
    - Distribution in Plants
    - Seasonal Variations
    - Physiological Aspects of Magnesium Allocation
  Critical Concentrations
    - Tissue Magnesium Concentration Associations with Crop Yields
    - Tabulated Data of Concentrations by Crops
Assessment of Magnesium in Soils
  Forms of Magnesium in Soils
  Sodium Absorption Ratio
  Soil Tests
  Tabulated Data on Magnesium Contents in Soils
    - Soil Types
Fertilizers for Magnesium
  Kinds of Fertilizers
  Effects of Fertilizers on Plant Growth
  Application of Fertilizers
Variation in magnesium accumulation might occur for different cultivars or plant selections within a species. In a 2-year study with field-grown tomato plants in an acid soil, magnesium concentration of leaves was significantly greater in cultivar 'Walter' (1.1%) than in 'Better Boy' (0.9%) in a dry, warm year, but no differences (average 0.6%) occurred between the cultivars in a wetter, cooler year that followed (182). Mullins and Burmester (183) noted that cotton cultivars differed in concentrations of magnesium in leaves and burs under nonirrigated conditions. Differences in magnesium concentrations in different cultivars of Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon Pers.) have been reported (184). Rosa et al. (185) suggested that variation in calcium, magnesium, and sulfur among broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck) varieties justifies selection of a particular cultivar to increase dietary intake of these elements. Likewise, in different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (170) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) (171) cultivars, aluminum tolerance was associated with the ability to take up and accumulate magnesium under conditions of relatively high aluminum concentrations (1.35 to 16.20 mg L-1) in the rhizosphere.

Similar studies (94) have been conducted to select clonal lines of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), which display higher accumulation of magnesium, in an effort to prevent magnesium tetany in grazing animals.