Features of Biotechnological Importance in Microorganisms

Microorganisms
At present more than one million microorganisms are known to be present in nature out of which about a few hundred species synthesize the useful products. Some of the micro-organisms are given below:
Algae
:
Chlorella sorokiniana, Spirulina maxima.
Bacteria
:
Acetobacter lacti, Acetobacter woodi, Bacillus subtilis, B. polymyxa, B. thuringiensis, Clostridium aceticum, Pseudomons denitrifican
Actinomycetes
:
Micromonospora purpurea, Nocardia mediterranei, Streptomyces aureofaciens, S.griseus, S.noursei.
Fungi
:
Aspergillus niger, A.oryzae, A.terreus, Candida utilis, Cephalosporium acremonium, Fusarium moniliforme, Gibberella fujikuroi, Morchella esculenta, Paecilomyces sp., Penicillium chrysogenum, P. notatum, Rhizopus nigricans, Saccharomyces cerevisae, S.lipolytica, S. rouxi, Trichoderma harzianum, T. reesei, and T. viride.
  Content
» Fermentation
» Microorganisms
» Cultures of microorganism

» Solid or semisolid culture

» Batch culture

» Continuous culture

» Fed-batch culture
» Metabolic pathways in microorganisms

» Glycolysis or EMP pathway

» The entner-doudoroff pathway

» The pentose phosphate pathway
» Microbial products

» Primary metabolites

» Secondary metabolites

» Enzymes

» Microbial biomass