HIDING BY DAY OR NIGHT
Many species make use of hideaways only when they are
inactive. raccoons, for example, are largely nocturnal—
they are most active at night. during most daylight hours,
they are curled up in a tree cavity, a woodpile, or even an
attic, fast asleep. At night, they emerge to look for food.
their meals often include other nocturnal animals, such as
slugs or mice.
As a result of being nocturnal, an animal not only
avoids predators that are active by day, but also avoids
competing with animals that eat the same food. two different
species that both feed on insects, for example, can
use the same resource without competing directly if one is
part of the day crew and the other takes the night shift.
of course, some predators also are active at night. A
nocturnal moth, for example, may be caught by a bat. the
bat, in turn, may be caught by an owl.