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  Section: General Botany / Botany Subdisciplines
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Botany Subdisciplines


Botany, plant science(s), phytology, or plant biology is a branch of biology and is the scientific study of plant life and development. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, and fungi including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and chemical properties and evolutionary relationships between the different groups. Botany, the study of plants, began with tribal efforts to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making botany one of the oldest sciences. From this ancient interest in plants, the scope of botany has increased to include the study of over 550,000 kinds or species of living organisms.

Subdisciplines of Botany
Agronomy—Application of plant science to crop production
Bryology—Mosses, liverworts, and hornworts
Economic botany—Study of plants of economic use or value
Ethnobotany—Relationship between humans and plants
Forestry—Forest management and related studies
Horticulture—Cultivated plants
Lichenology—The study of lichens
Paleobotany—Fossil plants
Palynology—Pollen and spores
Phytochemistry—Plant secondary chemistry and chemical processes
Phytopathology—Plant diseases
Plant anatomy—Cell and tissue structure
Plant biotechnology —Present technology used in different subdisciplines in plant science
Plant breeding —Hybridization in plants
Plant ecology—Role of plants in the environment
Plant morphology—Structure and life cycles
Plant physiology—Life functions of plants
Plant systematics—Classification and naming of plants


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