Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
Services offered
  Section: General Biotechnology / Plant Biotechnology
Please share with your friends:  




In Vitro
Culture Techniques : The Biotechnological Principles


Historical background

Requirements for cell and Tissue Cultures


A tissues culture laboratory


Nutrient media


Inorganic chemicals



Growth hormones


Organic constitutents




Amino acids

Culture of plant materials


Explant culture


Callus formation and its culture




Root culture


Shoot culture and micropropagation


Cell culture


Benefits from cell culture


Somatic embryogenesis


Somaclonal variation


Protoplast culture






Protoplast fusion and somatic hybridization


Fusion products


Method of somatic hybridization


Anther and pollen Culture


Culturing techniques


In vitro androgenesis (direct and indirect androgenesis)


Mentor pollen technology


Embryo culture


Embryo rescue


Protoplast fusion in fungi

Biotechnological Applications of Plant Cell, Tissues and Organ Cultures

Applications in agricultures


Improvement of hybrids


Production of encapsulated seeds


Production of disease resistant plants


Production of stress resistant plants


Transfer of nif genes to eukaryotes


Future prospects

Applications in horticulture and forestry




In Vitro Establishment of Mycorrhiza

Applications in Industry


Products (Secondary metabolites) from Cell Culture


Cell suspension and biotransformation


Factors affecting product yield


Secondary Metabolites from Immobilized Plant Cells


Future of Plant Tissue Culture Industry in India

Transgenic plants


Selectable markers and their use in transformed plants (cat gene, nptll gene, lux gene, lacZ gene)


Transgenic plants for crop improvement


Insect resistant transgenic plants


Herbicide resistant transgenic plants


Molecular farming from transgenic plants


Immunotherapeutic drugs (edible vaccines, edible antibodies, edible interferon)


Difficulties in cryopreservation

Methods for cryopreservation

Plant cell bank

Pollen bank

Achievements through cryopreservation

Biological Nitrogen Fixation

Non-Symbiotic N2 fixation




Ecology of diazotrophs


Special features of diazotrophs


Sites of N2 fixation


Nitrogenase and reductants


Presence of hydrogenase


Self regulatory systems


Mechanism of N2 fixation

Symbiotic N2 fixation


Establishment of symbiosis


Host specificity and root hair curling


Infection of root hairs


Nodule development


Nodule development and maintenance


Factors affecting nodule development


Mechanism of N2 fixation in root nodules

Genetics of diazotrophs


Nod genes


Nif genes


Nif gene cloning


Hup genes






Mass cultivation






Azotobactors, azospirillum and phosphate solubilizers


Green Manuring

Blue green algae





Mass cultivation of blue-green algae


Azolla and biofertilizer



Mass cultivation of Azolla

Mycorrhizae as biofertilizer


Mechanism of Symbiosis


Types of Mycorrhizas


Methods of Inoculum Production and Inoculation


Benefits from Mycorrhizas to Plants

Benefits from biofertilizers

Producers of biofertilizers

Biological Control of Plant Pathogens, Pests and Weeds

Biological control of plant pathogens 




Historical background


Phyllosphere-phylloplane and rhizosphere-rhizoplane regions




Amensalism (antibiosis and lysis)




Predation and parasitism : Mycoparasitism, nematophagy and mycophagy


Application of biological control


Crop rotation




Alteration of soil pH


Organic amendments


Soil treatment with selected chemicals


Introduction of antagonists : Seed inoculation, vegetative part inoculation and soil inoculation


Use of mycorrhizal fungi


Genetic engineering of biocontrol agents

Biological control of insect pests


Microbial pesticidies


Bacterial, viral and fungal pesticides


Viral pesticides




Biological control of weeds




Insects as biocontrol agents


Copyrights 2012 © | Disclaimer