Algae, Tree, Herbs, Bush, Shrub, Grasses, Vines, Fern, Moss, Spermatophyta, Bryophyta, Fern Ally, Flower, Photosynthesis, Eukaryote, Prokaryote, carbohydrate, vitamins, amino acids, botany, lipids, proteins, cell, cell wall, biotechnology, metabolities, enzymes, agriculture, horticulture, agronomy, bryology, plaleobotany, phytochemistry, enthnobotany, anatomy, ecology, plant breeding, ecology, genetics, chlorophyll, chloroplast, gymnosperms, sporophytes, spores, seed, pollination, pollen, agriculture, horticulture, taxanomy, fungi, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinfomatics, microbiology, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, plant growth regulators, medicinal plants, herbal medicines, chemistry, cytogenetics, bryology, ethnobotany, plant pathology, methodolgy, research institutes, scientific journals, companies, farmer, scientists, plant nutrition
Select Language:
 
 
 
 
Main Menu
Please click the main subject to get the list of sub-categories
 
Services offered
 
 
 
 
  Section: Introduction to Botany » Roots
 
 
Please share with your friends:  
 
 

Casparian Strip

 
     
 
Content
Roots
  Contributors to Root Growth
  Root Hairs
  Structure of a Root
  Casparian Strip
  Root Growth

The endodermis, a single layer of cells, has a band of suberin called the Casparian strip, (b), which lies along the radial and transverse walls. The Casparian strip is postulated to influence the inward and outward flow of water from the cortex (a), to the pericycle, (c), and reverse.
Figure 33-6 The endodermis, a single layer of cells,
has a band of suberin called the Casparian strip,
(b), which lies along the radial and transverse walls.
The Casparian strip is postulated to influence the
inward and outward flow of water from the cortex
(a), to the pericycle, (c), and reverse.
Close examination of the endodermis reveals closely packed cells having thickened walls and lacking intercellular spaces. There is also a strip of suberin called the Casparian strip (see figure 33-6). This strip lies on radial and transverse walls. Suberin is a waxy material that inhibits the passage of water. The positioning of the Casparian strip appears to block the lateral movement of water, both in and out, through the cell wall. Because the secondary wall does not exert selectivity, and the Casparian strip appears to occlude the passage of water through the walls, it is theorized that the protoplasm, or, more particularly, the cell membranes, exercise control over lateral water flow by selective permeability. Although it has been hypothesized that this may be in some way related to root pressure, the fact that not all of the endodermal cells have such a strip seems to undermine this hypothesis. Just beyond the points of the primary xylem, cells of the endodermis are not impregnated with suberin and water can move freely through the endodermis. Such cells can occur singly or in small clusters at other points around the endodermis. These cells are called passage cells because they allow the free passage of water and solutes to and from the inner region.

 
     
 
 
     



     
 
Copyrights 2012 © Biocyclopedia.com | Disclaimer