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  Section: Medicinal Plants / Production & Management on Farm
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Preparation of Soil for Sowings

⇒ Yield Maximization
  ⇒ Maximum Economic Yield (MEY)
  ⇒ Plant Population and Crop Yield
    ⇒ Plant Population and Geometry
    ⇒ Response of Crop Plants to Plant Population
⇒ Time of Planting
⇒ Preparation of Soil for Sowings
  ⇒ Burying Debris and Weeds
  ⇒ Aerating the Soil
  ⇒ Incorporating Compost
  ⇒ Ensuring a Frost Tilth
⇒ Depth of Sowing
  ⇒ Methods of Digging
    ⇒ Single Dig
    ⇒ Double Dig
    ⇒ No-Dig
⇒ Preparation of Beds
  ⇒ Size of the Beds
  ⇒ Types of Beds: Flat or Raised Beds
    ⇒ Why Raised Beds
    ⇒ How to Make Bed
    ⇒ Preparation of Paths and Slop
  ⇒ Seeds and Sowing
    ⇒ Seed Germination
    ⇒ Seed Vigour
    ⇒ Seed Viability
    ⇒ Longevity
    ⇒ Seed Dormancy
    ⇒ Types of Dormancy
    ⇒ Seed Treatment
    ⇒ Seed Treatment for Breaking Dormancy
  ⇒ Spacing for Seed Sowing
⇒ Crop Establishment Techniques
  ⇒ Nursery Techniques
    ⇒ Nursery Site
    ⇒ Nursery Methods
    ⇒ Ideal Seedling
    ⇒ Seeds and Sowing
    ⇒ After Care
    ⇒ Optimum Age and Pulling Out of Seedlings
    ⇒ Dapog Nursery
    ⇒ Dry Nursery
    ⇒ Nursery Techniques for Tobacco
⇒ Planting Techniques for Field Crops
  ⇒ Rotation
  ⇒ Random or Bulk Planting
  ⇒ Planting Under Irrigated Condition (Garden Land)
  ⇒ Sowing Techniques
    ⇒ Method of Sowing
⇒ After Cultivation Practices

Preparation of soil for sowings and plantings are the essential steps for cultivation of any crop. These steps altered according to the circumstances. Digging is the first step. It is the most arduous and labor-intensive, but it is traditionally considered necessary.

Burying Debris and Weeds
Farmer mostly turns the soil over before cropping his fields. However, he is operating on a quite different scale, and ploughing is often the most straightforward way to accomplish this. On a garden scale, it is entirely feasible to pull or rake off brassica stalks, bean haulms, and courgette plants and so on, and put them on the compost heap. It is also possible to keep the ground clear of weeds with amazingly little effort if one is well organized.

Aerating the Soil
This is necessary for proper growth and activity of soil organisms, worms in particular. A healthy soil contains enough of these to keep it wonderfully open without our help. In fact, interference may result in the killing of worms and general disturbance of soil life, which is otherwise carefully structured layer by layer.

Incorporating Compost
Incorporation of compost (or soil activator) in soil make the soil fertile and soil become alive. Compost is not a fertilizer; it brings microlife into action to release the soil's nutrients.

An initial digging and even double digging may be needed for this purpose. Compost is incorporate without stint, so as to ensure that you will not need to repeat the chore. It is, if you like, a kind of super topsoil, replacing the annual leaf-fall of the forest. As such, it should be placed where the leaves fall - on the surface.

Ensuring a Frost Tilth
This is an even less valid argument for digging. Creating a tilth becomes necessary only because the soil has been dug and made lumpy. Healthy, well composted soil has a pleasant tilth all the time - even clay, if it is well managed. Following a frosty winter, this is especially the case, if the soil has been spared a digging.           


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