Preparation of soil for sowings and plantings are the essential steps for cultivation of any crop. These steps altered according to the circumstances. Digging is the first step. It is the most arduous and labor-intensive, but it is traditionally considered necessary.
Burying Debris and Weeds
Farmer mostly turns the soil over before cropping his fields. However, he is operating on a quite different scale, and ploughing is often the most straightforward way to accomplish this. On a garden scale, it is entirely feasible to pull or rake off brassica stalks, bean haulms, and courgette plants and so on, and put them on the compost heap. It is also possible to keep the ground clear of weeds with amazingly little effort if one is well organized.
Aerating the Soil
This is necessary for proper growth and activity of soil organisms, worms in particular. A healthy soil contains enough of these to keep it wonderfully open without our help. In fact, interference may result in the killing of worms and general disturbance of soil life, which is otherwise carefully structured layer by layer.
Incorporation of compost (or soil activator) in soil make the soil fertile and soil become alive. Compost is not a fertilizer; it brings microlife into action to release the soil's nutrients.