Single Cell Protein (SCP) and Mycoprotein

Growth Conditions
The following factors (like bacteria) affect the growth of moulds : (a) carbon, nitrogen (C : N) ratio is required to be in the range of 5:1 to 15:1; (b) ammonium salts are used as a source of nitrogen in continuous culture and phospheric acid for phosphorus. Moreover, most of fungi, for their growth require minerals, such as potassium, sulfur, magnesium, calcium, iron, manganese, zinc, copper and cobalt. Their concentration differs with respect to species; (c) pH of growth medium ranges from 3.0 to 7.0 but pH 5-6 or below is desirable for most of fungi because bacterial contaminants do not grow; (d) temperature ranges from 25°C to 30°C with certain exceptions; (e) oxygen is required for good growth of fungi. During agitation, mycelial mat forms pellets.
  Content
» Advantages of producing microbial protein
» Microorganisms use as single cell protein (SCP)
» Substrates used for the production of SCP
» Nutritional values of SCP
» Genetic improvements of microbial cells
» Production of algal biomass

» Factors affecting bio­mass production

» Harvesting the algal biomass

» Spirulina as SCP, cultivation and uses
» Production of bacterial and actinomycetous biomass

» Method of production

» Factors affecting biomass production

» Product recovery
» Production of yeast biomass

» Factors affecting growth of yeast

» Recovery of yeast biomass
» Production of fungal biomass (Other than Mushrooms)

» Growth conditions

» Organic wastes as substrates

» Traditional fungal foods


» Shoyu


» Miso


» Sake


» Tempeh  
» Mushroom culture

» Historical background

» Present status of mushroom culture in India

» Nutritional values

» Cultivation methods


» Obtaining pure culture 


» Preparation of spawns


» Formulation and preparation of composts


» Spawning, spawn running and cropping

» Control of pathogens and pests

» Cultivation of paddy straw mushroom

» Cultivation of white button mushroom

» Cultivation of Dhingri (Pleurotus sajor-caju)

» Recipes of mushroom