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later herbivory by other insects and
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Galápagos, Melanesia, and West
Africa, where they may be blinding
elephants and otherwise disrupting the
Heinrich, B., and H. Esch. 1994. Thermoregulation
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behavioral and physiological adaptations
for increasing and decreasing body
temperature allow bees to function in a
surprisingly wide range of environmental
Hölldobler, B. H., and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The
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McMasters, J. H. 1989. The flight of the bumble
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a popular myth about an aerodynamicist
who “proved” that a bumble bee cannot
fly—but his assumptions were wildly
O’Brochta, D. A., and P. W. Atkinson. 1998.
Building the better bug. Sci. Am. 279:90–95 (Dec.). Inserting new genes into
certain insect species could render them
incapable of being vectors for disease, help
agriculture, and have other applications.
Tallamy, D. W. 1999. Child care among the
insects. Sci. Am. 280:72–77 (Jan.). Most
insects render no assistance to eggs or
young, but females, and in a few cases,
males, of a variety of species, care for and
protect eggs and young.
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in which certain species of ants
raid the colonies of related species, abduct
their pupae, then exploit them to do all the
work in the host colony.
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and how they are adapted to flight.