Plant propagation


Plant propagation
  Seed propagation
  Sowing and aftercare in protected environments
  Sowing in the open
  Vegetative propagation
  Characteristics of propagation from vegetative parts
  Natural vegetative propagation
  Artificial methods of propagation
  Budding and grafting
  Tissue culture
Figure 12.1 Bedding plants
Figure 12.1 Bedding plants
A plant’s life cycle can be seen to end with the process of senescence and dying. The time taken to get to this point varies enormously from one species to another with many ephemerals living for only a few months, whereas many trees last for hundreds of years. Before it dies the plant has normally ensured continued life by either sexual or asexual reproduction: not many plants employ both methods to produce offspring. Sexual reproduction leads to the formation of seeds in higher plants. The ability of plants to reproduce asexually is used in horticulture as vegetative propagation.