Ecological Agriculture


⇒ Eco-Friendly Farming
  ⇒ Evolution of Sustainable Agriculture
⇒ Organic Farming
⇒ Biological Farming
⇒ Nature Farming
⇒ Regenerative Agriculture
⇒ Permaculture
⇒ Alternate Agriculture
⇒ Ecological Agriculture
⇒ Ecological Farming Systems
  ⇒ Objectives of Ecological Farming
  ⇒ Prospects
  ⇒ Integrated Intensive Farming System (IIFS)
  ⇒ Low External Input Supply Agriculture (LEISA)
    ⇒ Low-Input Agriculture
    ⇒ Criteria for LEISA
    ⇒ Ecological Criteria
    ⇒ Economic Criteria
    ⇒ Social Criteria
⇒ Biodynamic Agriculture
  ⇒ Organic Farming vs. Biodynamic Farming
  ⇒ Principles of Biodynamic Farming
  ⇒ Rules for Using Biodynamic Agriculture
⇒ Organic Agriculture System
  ⇒ The Major Aims of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Concept of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Difference Between Organic and Conventional Farming
  ⇒ History of Organic Farming
  ⇒ Needs of Organic Farming
    ⇒ Needs for Organic Inputs
  ⇒ In Partnership With Nature
⇒ Basic Standards and General Principles for Organic Agriculture
  ⇒ Crop and Soil Management
  ⇒ Choice of Crops and Varieties
  ⇒ Crop Rotations
  ⇒ Nutrient Management
  ⇒ Management of Pests, Diseases and Weeds
  ⇒ Wild Products
  ⇒ Pollution Control
  ⇒ Soil and Water Conservation
    ⇒ Landscape
⇒ Principle Requirements and Pre-Conditions
⇒ Conversion From Conventional to Organic Farming
  ⇒ Farms With Plant Production and Livestock
  ⇒ Initiating Organic Farming
    ⇒ Medicinal Plants-The First Crops for Organic Farming
⇒ Important Tips for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
⇒ Multi Tier Agriculture System for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
    ⇒ Benefits of Multi-Tier Agriculture System (MTAS)
    ⇒ Selection of Shade Crops
    ⇒ Irrigation
    ⇒ Disease and Protection
    ⇒ Benefits for Farmers and the World
⇒ Indigenous Agricultural Practices for Cultivation of Medicinal Plants
  ⇒ Rationality of Indigenous Agricultural Knowledge/ Practices

Ecological Agriculture

The growing concern about environmental degradation, dwindling natural resources and urgency to meet the food needs of the increasing population are compelling farm scientists and policy makers to seriously examine alternatives to chemical agriculture. A sustainable agriculture backed-up by green technologies in an integrated farming system has been considered a promising and potential pathway. The twin problems confronting agricultural production are all pervasive erosion of natural resources such as land, water and biodiversity, fast declining soil fertility and use efficiency of inputs such as water, fertilizer and energy. Demographic pressures accelerate the first and agronomic deficiencies the second.

The gravity of the environmental degradation, arising from faulty practices, has set several experts in the field to focus attention on ecologically sound, viable and sustainable farming systems. Though there has been a series of scientific and policy conferences on this issue, the sustainable farming methods are yet to get the approval of most agricultural scientists.

There are no serious attempts to develop a package of practices for large-scale adoption of sustainable agriculture in India. Only a few enterprising farmers and private institutions stand testimony to the utility of safe and highly productive natural farming methods.

The adverse effect of pesticides on the environment has been well documented, and their residues in the food chain have endangered the whole life sustaining systems in many regions. Chemical fertilizers have also jeopardized the environment through nitrate poisoning and exterminating the beneficial soil microflora and micro-fauna by adversely altering the chemical and physical structures of the soil.