Barinaga, M. 1990. Science digests the secrets of
voracious killer snails. Science 249:250–251. Describes current research on the toxins
produced by cone snails.
Gosline, J. M., and M. D. DeMont. 1985. Jetpropelled
swimming in squids. Sci. Am. 252:96–103 (Jan.). Mechanics of swimming
in squid are analyzed; elasticity of collagen
in mantle increases efficiency.
Kuznik, F. 1993. America’s aching mussels.
National Wildlife (Oct.–Nov.) pp. 34–39. Details the miserable status of freshwater
clams (or mussels) in the United States.
Morris, P. A. (W. J. Clench [editor]). 1973. A field
guide to shells of the Atlantic and Gulf
coasts and the West Indies, ed. 3. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company. An excellent
revision of a popular handbook.
Moynihan, M. 1985. Communication and noncommunication
by cephalopods. Bloomington,
Indiana University Press. Readable
summarization of our understanding of
communication in this remarkable group
Roper, C. R. E., and K. J. Boss. 1982. The giant
squid. Sci. Am. 246:96–105 (April). Many
mysteries remain about the deep-sea squid,
Architeuthis, because it has never been
studied alive. It can reach a weight of
1000 pounds and a length of 18 m, and its
eyes are as large as automobile headlights.
Ross, J. 1994. An aquatic invader is running
amok in U.S. waterways. Smithsonian 24(11):40–50 (Feb.). A small bivalve, the
zebra mussel apparently introduced into
the Great Lakes with ballast water from
ships, is clogging up intake pipes and
municipal water supplies. It will take billions
of dollars to control.
Ward, P. 1983. The extinction of the ammonites.
Sci. Am. 249:136–147 (Oct.). Like nautiloids,
ammonoids arose in the Paleozoic.
Subsequently, they underwent several
explosive radiations, the last of which was
in the late Mesozoic, and then became
Ward, P., L. Greenwald, and O. E. Greenwald.
1980. The buoyancy of the chambered
nautilus. Sci. Am. 243:190–203 (Oct.). Reviews discoveries on how the nautilus
removes water from a chamber after secreting
a new septum.
Woodruff, D. S., and M., Mulvey. 1997. Neotropical
schistosomiasis: African affinities of the host snail Biomphalaria glabrata (Gastropoda:
Planorbidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 60:505–516. The pulmonate snail Biomphalaria
glabrata is the intermediate host in
the New World for Schistosoma mansoni,
an important trematode of humans.
Allozyme analysis shows that B. glabrata
clusters with African species rather than the neotropical ones. Thus, when S. mansoni
was brought to New World in African
slaves, it found a compatible host.
Zorpette, G. 1996. Mussel mayhem, continued.
Sci. Am. 275:22–23 (Aug.). Some benefits,
though dubious, of the zebra mussel invasion
have been described, but these are outweighted
by the problems created.